Campbell formed his men into a line (rather than into square, which was the accepted way for infantry to face a cavalry charge) and the Russian advance was driven off with volleys of RIFLE fire. This action became known as the ‘Thin Red Line’. The bulk of the British army was armed with muzzle loading rifles (MLR). With the army’s adoption of the Minie rifle only a few years before the war began, which had an effective range of up to 1,000 yards, and a rate of fire of around two shots a minute. As for accuracy, its impact was immediately felt, for at the battles of Alman and Inkerman, one bullet in sixteen took effect, whereas at the battle of waterloo in 1815, one bullet in 459 was able to find a target.
Soldiers with a good throwing arm would use lead weighted darts. Artillery was also a reason for many Roman victories in battle. The Scorpio, carroballista, and occasionally the catapulta would shoot bolts at enemies. The onager and the catapulta would fling large boulders. The Romans were actually quite famous in their time period because of their advanced, protective armor.
Every weapon classification that has been developed for military use is meant to serve a unique purpose in the complex tactical strategies that various modern infantry forces use around the globe. The development of the assault rifle and earlier types of small arms was influenced by significant historical origins. These historical origins range from the ancient discovery of gunpowder, to the arrival of modern warfare in the early twentieth century. The American M-16 and Russian AK-47 possess diverse backgrounds of military philosophy based on their designs and capabilities. The mass-production of these rival firearms and their modified variants during the Cold War era reflects the aspect that the United States and the USSR had established themselves as two dominant superpowers immediately following the post-war period in 1945.
The musket, armed with its bayonet as well as the cannon proved to be worthy weaponry advancements in the infantry together with various pistols. The Civil War introduced the revolving pistol as well as the Gatling gun which enabled soldiers to produce rapid fire and destroy enemies in large quantities with a single round. New technological advancements in transportation such as the railroad, enabled large quantities of troops to travel to a given area in nearly half the amount of time. However, the turn of the twentieth introduced new technological advancements in the country as well as the military. This ignited a century of technological advancements in the military that has enabled the United States to excel in militaristic domination.
The trenches were dug in zig zag shapes instead of straight lines to make it harder for enemies to shoot down into the tranches while simultaneously making it harder for them to capture. The layout of the trenches faced each other maybe 800 meters away with a space in between them covered in barbwire called "No Man's Land" because you were fully exposed and didn't stand much of a chance. But, on occasions they would cross over the barbwire into enemy territory at night. This was a whole other fighting style that was very new and was hard to master. Behind the primary trench was a secondary trench in case the first one was capture or they needed support.
Because they did not grapple in hand to hand combat they possessed little or no armour and only carried wicker shields. This meant that the Persians were at a massive disadvantage from the outset of the battle with their cavalry neutralised by the high position of the Greeks. Leadership and strategy also played a key role in the defeat of the Persians at Marathon with Callimachus, as elected
Three, two, one, fire! This is the command you would have heard right before the hit of rocks, stones, or even dead animal meat which left holes in crumbling castle walls in medieval times. The source of the projectile, and one of the most feared weapons of medieval times was a trebuchet, a powerful machine used to hurl projectiles. Trebuchets were able to throw massive objects at high speeds over great distances with great accuracy. Hurling objects into the air with great force has sparked great interest about the construction and operation of trebuchets.
A catapult is a device used to throw or hurl a projectile a great distance without the aid of explosive devices—particularly various types of ancient and medieval siege engines.  Although the catapult has been used since ancient times, it has proven to be one of the most effective mechanisms during warfare. The word 'catapult' comes from the Latin 'catapulta', which in turn comes from the Greek καταπέλτης (katapeltēs), itself from (kata), "downwards" + πάλλω (pallō), "to toss, to hurl".  Catapults were invented by the ancient Greeks.  Contents [hide] 1 Greek and Roman catapults 2 Modern use 3 Models 4 See also 5 Notes 6 External links Greek and Roman catapults Ancient mechanical artillery: Catapults (standing), the chain drive of Polybolos (bottom center), Gastraphetes (on wall) Roman 'catapult-nest' in the Dacian Wars The early history of the catapult and the crossbow in Greece are closely intertwined.
Things like food, clothes, and technology could only exist for the native Americans if it already was there in America. Another thing that existed before was the weapons that native Americans had were mostly simple. They used weapons like bow and arrows, knives, and clubs to hunt or fight battles. A lot of these tools were simple and not very advanced. Also, one of the biggest things for Native Americans before Europeans arrived was their religion.