Essay On Endocrine System

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Endocrine System . All body functions are regulated by two systems: • Nervous System • Endocrine System The endocrine glands produce specialized substances called hormones , which are regulating different and varied functions such as: • Growth of the body • Development of the reproductive system • Storage of sugar in the liver • Defining sexual characters • Human behavior and human attitude , etc. The operation of the endocrine glands is not always independent. Certain hormones produced by a gland, act on other endocrine glands. The endocrine glands may have two main problems: increased secretion (overactive) or decreased secretion (underactive). The endocrine system consists of the following glands: • pituitary gland .- Also called pituitary…show more content…
Secrete parathyroid hormone , responsible for regulating the concentration of calcium in the blood . • Timo .- Located on the upper chest . It has great development in the child and atrophy , disappearing in the adult. It is believed involved in the overall development of the organism. • Pancreas .- One of the mixed glands . As exocrine gland produces pancreatic juice , necessary for digestion of food . As endocrine glandsecretes insulin , which is necessary for the storage of glucose in the liver and whose absence causes diabetes glucose characterized by not stored in the liver, excreted in the urine ( glycosuria ). • Adrenal glands .- They are located on the kidneys and are formed by two different tissues: a) adrenal cortex (produces the hormone cortisol , which is necessary for the proper preservation of the joints - arthritis -). For the adrenal glands secrete cortisol is necessary to receive theACTH hormone produced by the pituitary . b) adrenal medulla (produces adrenina or adrenaline if it has been produced in the laboratory, which increases the blood pressure , the respiratory rate and heart contractions and causes the liver lance glucose to the bloodstream

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