Delegates could know be elected to create a new revised state constitution and governments also all southerners would be pardoned accept for high ranking confederate army officers and government officials. Private property would be protected however this did not include slaves. While most of the Republicans in congress at that time supported the president's plane for reconstructions others wanted to punish the confederacy. One of the flaws to the plan was that it only took ten percent of the voters to decide if they wanted back into the Union This made voting no longer a democracy. On July 2 1864 two Radical Republicans Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis wrote the Wade Davis Bill.
The real goals of Jacksonian Democrats were not to protect the constitution, but to abolish the Whig party, and to sustain state’s rights in a democracy, rather than a federal government. The Jacksonian Democrats were benefitting from political democracy more than they were guarding it. Andrew Jackson himself was raised in Tennessee, and before his presidency, was a natural war hawk, which is shown through the Battle of New Orleans. His war-like instincts managed to affect his choices throughout his presidency. This was shown by his threats to bring the military into South Carolina after the nullification on his Tariff of Abomination (Document F).
Civil War, President Lincoln When President Lincoln was elected, the southern stated were very upset. The Republican Party had run on an anti-slavery platform, and many southern felt that there were no longer wanted in the Union. Several states seceded and created the Confederated States of America and elected Jefferson Davis as the provisional president. Lincoln proclaimed that his duty was to keep the Union. He had no intention of ending slavery where it existed, or taking back the Fugitive Act Law.
However, the government continued to shoot down the idea and so the states began to consider secession. Soon after President Lincolns election South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas seceded from the union, and created their own. They did this because they believed Lincoln to be antislavery and looking out mainly for the northern states interest, however he never said that he was antislavery in fact he once said: "I do but quote from one of those speeches when I declare that
In the Confederate States, the hope was that the incident would lead to a permanent rupture in Anglo-American relations and even diplomatic recognition by Britain of the Confederacy. Confederates realized their independence potentially depended on a war between Britain and the U.S. In Britain, the public expressed outrage at this violation of neutral rights and insult to their national honor. The British government demanded an apology and the release of the prisoners while it took steps to strengthen its military forces in Canada and the Atlantic. After several weeks of tension and loose talk of war, the crisis was resolved when the Lincoln administration released the envoys and disavowed Captain Wilkes's actions.
Johnson was a southerner so he gave back the southerners their political rights. By the end of 1865 most of the former confederate states canceled the acts of secession but refused to abolish slavery, to give full citizenship to African American men. So, the union generals who governed the South blocked anyone who would not take an oath of loyalty to the union. President Johnson tried to stop many of these policies, and the House of Representatives impeached Johnson. He remained as President but began to give in more often to the Republican congress.
William Seward was a leading anti-slavery figure who later became secretary of state in the Lincoln administration. He believed that the two systems held by the North and the South (free labour and slavery) were “incompatible”. He stated that eventually America would have to become either fully a free labour nation or a slaveholding nation. While not everyone felt so strongly about this in the North (many didn’t care about the slavery issue at all) it was a reason that soldiers and leaders on either side went to war and fought for (in the North to end it, in the South to defend it). Lincoln was of the opinion that while he would never accept the extension of slavery he would make no direct attempt to interfere with it where it existed.
The most widely area of criticism that Lincoln received was his use of unconventional and sometimes illegal methods in order to achieve his goals. Lincoln justified ignoring the process of going through congress to make such decisions in that he felt the war needed immediate and direct decisions and did not have time to go through the process for congress’ approval. The criticism appears to be fair as they come from a variety of different groups from the democrats and Lincoln’s unjust ways of handling the war as well as his own party, the Republicans for his handling of the south. In assessment of Abraham Lincoln’s tenure as president and handling of the civil war tragedy, it can be determined that although heavily criticized by his peers the civil war would not have been the “civil war” without him. The inevitability of the civil war came to light when Lincoln was elected President and indirectly caused the civil war to start.
Northern Democrats had a convention in Baltimore and nominated Stephen Douglas with a popular sovereignty position. Southern Democrats had their own Baltimore convention and nominated John C. Breckinridge with a pro-slavery position. The Know-Nothings nominated John Bell of Tennessee. They called themselves the Constitutional Union Party, and tried to mend fences by offering as their platform, simply, the Constitution. A Rail-Splitter Splits the Union The Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln, passing up on William "Higher Law" Seward who had too many enemies.
The term reconstruction is used because this was the period when the federal government restored seceded states to the Union. This quickly proved to be a difficult and strenuous process as the government had to figure out three major issues: one, how to deal with the southern states as they rejoined the union; two, how the southern whites should be treated; and three, how to deal with the freed slaves. Abraham Lincoln came up with a plan that was strongly opposed by Congress. It basically stated that if Southern states were willing to take an oath of allegiance to the United States, then they shouldn’t be punished. After Lincoln’s assassination, President Andrew Johnson decided to adopt Lincoln’s plan of reconstruction.