Essay On Congressional Reconstruction

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After Abraham Lincoln was assassinated during the Civil War, a battle over the Reconstruction of the South between Congress and President Andrew Johnson came to the forefront. By the end of 1865, the Radical Republicans had taken a vast number of votes in Congress, which then gave them the ability to overrule any possible vetoes by Johnson. Thus began the Congressional Reconstruction. When trying to continue what Lincoln had already started, Johnson just wanted to get the Confederate states back in the Union without much hassle. Johnson’s plan was rejected, it was determined that only Congress could decide on how the Reconstruction would take place. The disgruntled relationship between Congress and President Johnson became very evident when Johnson vetoed the Freedmen’s Bureau Act, which would have continued to give the military the right to protect the civil rights of black Americans in former Confederate states, as well as care for refugees. This angered more than a few Congressmen, and in turn paved the way for the Republicans to join together in their support for a tough Reconstruction plan. Congress was able to override the veto however, and help it last for a few more years. In…show more content…
With the except of Tennessee, the former Confederate states were divided up in five military districts, each of which was watched over by a Union general and his troops. Their job was to protect the rights of all citizens as well as keep order restored. States still have to ratify the 14th amendment before becoming a part of the Union and represented in Congress. Not only that, but they have to draft a new constitution that allows black men to vote. President Johnson vetoes the bill, but Congress overrides it, but you should know the drill by now. All that said, the southern states refrain from carrying out the
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