During 1492 to 1750 the Atlantic slave trade affected Europe and Africa through both their economy and through social aspects. Socially, Europe and Africa were connected globally but while Europe benefited mainly from a positive standpoint, Africa was confronted with social problems such as civil wars. Economically they both prospered from the slave trade but the Europeans experienced it much more so as it helped fuel the growth of capitalism while Africa experienced economic underdevelopment. The Atlantic slave trade created some very notable social effects on both Africa and Europe. One effect was they both shared was being connected globally to other places around the world and interacting with them.
This gave certain African societies considerable advantages over rival tribes. Slaves were demanded in the Trans-Saharan network, because North African, Persian, and Arab merchants sought opportunities to resell slaves as field workers and domestic servants in Asia. The slaves captured and sold to foreigners generally lived harsh lives away from their families. When African slave suppliers ran out of slaves, chiefs organized raiding parties to seize individuals from neighboring tribes. Slave capturing was very violent, and many times wars were started for the purpose of capturing
The Columbian Exchange was a dramatically widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations (including slaves), communicable disease, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres (Old World and New World). It was one of the most significant events concerning ecology, agriculture, and culture in all of human history. Christopher Columbus' first voyage to the Americas in 1492 launched the era of large-scale contact between the Old and the New Worlds that resulted in this ecological revolution, hence the name "Columbian" Exchange. The term was coined by Alfred W. Crosby, a historian, professor and author, in his 1972 book The Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange greatly affected almost every society on Earth.
Genetically modified foods, harmful or helpful The term genetically modified foods (GM foods) is most commonly used to refer to crop plants created for human or animal consumption using the latest molecular biology technique. Compared to normal food, the benefits of GM foods is very obvious. Such as GM food can reduce damage to crops by chemical pesticide, herbicides and improved crops nutritional content. Now, planting genetically modified food has become very popular in the world. Although the genetically modified foods have many advantages than conventional foods, but we also cannot ignore the fact that GM foods also bring to a lot of problem.
Across Europe the plague spread causing the death rate to rise heavily. However, an epidemic is a much smaller scale than worldwide it is just controlled in the country or a part of a country. The number of people who get infected rises on what is expected normally. If the infection outbreaks in lots of countries it will then become a pandemic. For example, influenza could outbreak in a certain part of a country or in a wider scale of the country causing many people to get infected.
Similarly, Europeans introduced manioc and peanut to tropical Asia and West Africa, where they flourished and supported growth in populations on soils that otherwise would not produce large yields. Contents [hide] 1 Influence 1.1 Crops 1.2 Livestock 1.3 Disease 2 Examples 2.1 Tomatoes in the Old World 3 Unintentional introductions 4 Introduced feral populations 5 See also 6 References 7 External links Influence Inca-era terraces on Taquile are used to grow traditional Andean staples such as quinoa and potatoes, alongside wheat, a European introduction. Crops Portuguese trading animals in Japan; detail of Nanban panel (1570–1616) Before AD 1500, potatoes were not grown outside of South America. By the 1840s, Ireland was so dependent on the potato that the proximate cause of the Great Famine was a potato disease. Maize and manioc, introduced by the Portuguese in the 16th century, have replaced sorghum and millet as Africa's most important food crops.
Tension had been building in America between Great Britain and France since 1689. The colonies grew at an exceptional rate from a population of 250,000 in 1700, to 1.25 million in 1750. Britain required raw materials including copper, hemp, tar, and turpentine. They also required a great deal of money, and so they stipulated that all of these American products be shipped exclusively to England (Kindig, 2011). According to our text, Europeans immigrated to North America during the 1800's for many reasons, which included religious freedom and the thought that America was filled with jewels and gold; there were lots of forests,
Slavery was such a vital part in the cultivation of cash crops such as sugarcane that it was introduced to North America with its colonization. The availability of land combined with the growing demand of sugarcane in Europe quickly created an insatiable demand for African slaves, whom, by happenstance, tended to be suited well for work in the warm and tropical environments of the Americas. These Africans at first became indentured servants; nevertheless, the growing arrogance of the white man in his spiritual superiority and the need for even more labor led to the swift decline of the indentured servant. When other alternatives to slavery such as cheap white labor and convict laborers failed to deliver the desired results, the prevalent abstraction of a racially-based slave system finally emerged in the 1680’s. Furthermore, slave uprisings would also play a role in the shaping of the structure of slavery.
The European traders exchanged cheap and high demand goods such as pots, pans, guns and ammunition with the African chiefs in order to obtain the slaves. It was cheaper to attain the slaves from the chiefs than to purchase them from forts. The second stage began from West Africa to the Caribbean. This was known as the Middle Passage and was very devastating for the slaves as they suffered great hardships. The last stage was from the Caribbean back to Europe.
Corn flour is gluten-free and has a bland yet slightly sweet flavor. Corn flour has a lot important nutrients. This flour also comes in white or yellow. The last flour I’m using is whole wheat flour. This flour is ground from the whole-grain, this flour tends to be heavier than other flours.