Signs and symptoms of severe infection include, watery diarrhea 10 - 15 times a day, abdominal cramping and pain which may be severe, fever, blood or pus in stool, nausea, dehydration, loss of appetite, and weight loss. There are some causes for C. difficile. C. difficile bacteria can be found throughout the environment - in soil, air, water, and human and animal feces. A small number of healthy people naturally carry the bacteria in their large intestine. But, C. difficile
Common symptoms are acral necrosis of the extremities (such as the toes, fingers, lips and tip of the nose), high fever, nausea, vomiting, and breathing difficulty. Left untreated, Yersinia pestis can multiply rapidly in the bloodstream, possibly causing septicemic plague or even creep towards the lungs causing pneumonic plague. In order to diagnose bubonic plague, testing in the laboratory is required. Identification of the bacterium Yersinia pestis culture in a sample of serum from a patient’s blood is used for confirmation of the
about 500 to 1,500 happen in the us every year. this disease has two types; type I is caused by anaerobic bacteria with or without the presence aerobic bacteria, type II also called hemolytic streptococcal gangrene is caused by group A streptococci, other bacteria may or may not be present the disease may be also be called synergistic gangrene.Muscle and fat tissue are affected as a consequence of infection. Necrotizing fasciitis is a severe complication of group A streptococcal infection. The bacteria cause the destruction of skin and muscle by releasing toxins. Additional complications can occur from necrotizing fasciitis, such as shock and organ
Describe the appropriate nursing actions that need to be taken. Common problems of post dialysis include hypotension, headache, nausea, malaise, vomiting, dizziness and muscle cramps. Also, many fluid-related and infectious complications can occur from hemodialysis (HD). The most common complications include disequilibrium syndrome and viral infections. The cause appears to be the rapid decrease in fluid volume and BUN levels during HD.
Skin reactions, such as redness or dryness, in the area being treated are common (Elekta, n.d.). Loss of appetite can be a problem for patients receiving radiation therapy or chemotherapy (Elekta, n.d.). Side effects vary from person to person and may even be different from one treatment to the next (Elekta, n.d.). Patients treated for Hodgkin’s disease have an increased risk of developing other types of cancer later in life, especially leukemia (Elekta, n.d.). Patients should follow their doctor’s recommendations on health care and checkups (Elekta, n.d.).
Normal skin has many types of bacteria living on it. When there is a break in the skin, these bacteria can cause a skin infection. Skin in the infected area will become red, hot, irritated, swollen, and painful. (www.nlm.nih.gov, Linda J. Vorvick, MD) Factors leading up to the emergency room visit with this patient in this case, the wound was not properly taken care of, which allowed the infection to spread, causing Richard to go to the emergency room. Patient cleaned cut with peroxide and applied a Band-Aid, when he should have washed it thoroughly with soap and water and applied an antibacterial cream every day.
Addiction to these can happen if taken over a long period of time. Also, irritation of the stomach, liver damage and sleep disturbances as some analgesics contain caffeine. Antibiotics e.g. amoxicillin Antibiotics are used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Diarrhoea, feeling sick and vomiting are the most common side effects.
amoxicillin, Flucloxacillin, Penicillin. | Antibiotics are used to treat infections caused by bacteria. | Diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting are the most common side effects. Some people get a fungal infection such as thrush after treatment with antibiotics for a longer period of time. More serious side-effects of antibiotics include kidney problems, blood disorders, increased sensitivity to the sun and deafness.
aureus infections can spread through contact with an infected person or surface by skin-to-skin contact or contact with soiled objects such as linens, food, clothing, or athletic equipment that were used by an infected person. S. aureus infections can be severe if they are deep enough. Patients who receive implanted prosthetic joints, for instance, are highly susceptible to deeply penetrating staph bacteria, and may develop septic arthritis, endocarditis, or pneumonia (Aziz, 2013). Common sources of nosocomial staphylococcus infections are staff nails, jewelry, stethoscopes, pagers, beds, instruments, workstations, and linens. Outside of the healthcare setting (community acquired) sources have been identified as razors, towels, soap bars, and whirlpools.
Many are minor, some are just an inconvenience. The most common side-effects are rashes, itching, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea (or occasionally constipation), lethargy, headaches and blurred vision. If you suffer with these you should contact your Gp. Allergic reactions can happen with any drug and can range from itching and rash all the way up to a life-threatening anaphylactic reaction. Warfarin used to help the blood clot needs to be measured this is done by taking a blood sample which is sent to the pathology laboratory and the doctor will determine the dosage of warfarin to be given depending on the results, Insulin is also measured depending on the blood glucose levels.