Then Vietnam splits at the 17th parallel, France leaves and the U.S stays, JFK sends troops, LBJ then escalates war after JFK assassination, on July 1964 LBJ approved to attack on North Vietnam coast. On august 2, 1964, North Vietnam retailed and attacked U.S Maddox in the gulf of Tonkin. President Johnson then tells congress to pass the gulf of Tonkin resolution. It gave him the authorization to use military forces and send more troops. But it was not a declaration of war.
Environmental Protection Agency. Overall, more than 20% of South Vietnam's forests were sprayed at least once over a nine year period The use of herbicides in the Vietnam War was controversial from the beginning, particularly for crop destruction. The scientific community began to protest the use of herbicides in Vietnam as early as 1964, when the Federation of American Scientists objected to the use of defoliants. The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) issued a resolution in 1966 calling for a field investigation of the herbicide program in Vietnam. In 1967 seventeen Nobel Laureates and 5000 other scientists signed a petition asking for the immediate end to the use of herbicides in Vietnam.
rejected pleas for self-determination Republic of Vietnam • Formal name of South Vietnamese government after the Franco-Vietnamese War • Repressive government that stifled dissent by imprisoning or executing its critics • Fiercely anticommunist • American-supported throughout the Vietnam War Viet Cong • Ho Chi Minh-supporting guerilla fighters within South Vietnam • Did much of the fighting against American troops during war Viet Minh • Organized by Ho Chi Minh and other Vietnamese nationalists in 1941 • Seeking Vietnamese self-rule, fought a guerilla campaign against Japanese occupation; after World War II, fought French and then Americans • Its members formed the Viet Cong in the 1950s CONCEPTS Pentagon Papers • Secret documents leaked to New York Times by Daniel Ellsberg, a military analyst who had high-level security clearance at the Pentagon • Contained top-secret information collected by the Department of Defense about U.S. involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967 • Revealed that military had been much more pessimistic about situation in Vietnam than it had revealed to the public "Search and
Vietnam War Part 1 - Discuss Key events in US-Vietnam relations from the assassination of JFK to July 1965. What factors led to American escalation? You should consider both the factors within the US civil/military debates as well as in Vietnam. During the Vietnam War there are many things that lead to the hostility and tension of Americans. First and foremost, Lyndon B. Johnson runs as a peace candidate in 1964 against Goldwater.
The Vietminh fought for their freedom. As the Vietminh began to defeat the French, the French did not prevent the communist North Vietnamese from reaching South Vietnam. (use source #1) According to the “Statement Issued by the White House”, the President assigned an ambassador to Vietnam “to coordinate the operations of all US agencies in that country. “Since the conclusion of hostilities in Indochina, the US Government has been particularly concerned over developments in Vietnam.” Even as early as 1954, before the Vietnam war had began, the US was concerned about what was happening. The US saw that the situation in Vietnam was something that needed to be flagged and
Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War from 1962-1975 has been the country’s longest military involvement in duration of any war. The war mainly involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to protect South Vietnam from the communist North Vietnam. Australia’s main reason for involvement in the Vietnam War is the country’s fear of communism and consequently, the ‘Domino Theory’. Australia also felt the need to commit military support for America during this war due to the ANZUS alliance and SEATO alliance. Furthermore, another reason was to follow the government’s defence policy of ‘Forward Defence’ in order to protect the country.
05/05/2013 HIST 318 Media Control To Major Tom On January 30th 1968, the North Vietnamese forces launched a surprise attack against South Vietnam and US forces.  This attack is known as the Tet Offensive to the US, but in Vietnamese it is known as Tet Mau Than (Tet, the year of the monkey). Up to that point, the Tet Offensive had been the largest military operation launched in the war by either side. This was a well-coordinated series of attacks launched by the North using more than 80,000 troops to attack over a hundred cities and towns during the agreed upon cease fire during the Tet Lunar New Year celebrations. The US forces and South Vietnamese were caught off guard early because of the agreed cease fire, but were able to recover
1 The decision to send Teaching SuggeSTionS Australia’s Involvement in the War Topic an Australian infantry battalion to Vietnam is a grave one; these are inescapable obligations which fall on us because of our position, treaties and friendship. There was no alternative but to respond as we have. A quotation on the Australian Vietnam Forces National Memorial Focus questions: What was the Vietnam War? Why did Australia become involved? Was this a popular decision?
In 1950 Australia was involved in the Vietnam War, as there was alliance with the Americans and involvement with Seato and Anzus. Australia believed it was there call to send troops to Vietnam due to alliance with American as they feared of the spreading of communism. The Vietnam War was broadcasted all over the world, for the first time people were viewing what was really involved in the War, this affected peoples mind with conscription, this left a big controversy with many people were both for and against. This lead to a protest called the moratoriums protest; this was the biggest division in society. When the first World Wat occurred in 1914, conscription was brought to discuss either young men would have to be forced to be involved
Television during the Vietnam War exposed the brutality of the war and brought it into American living rooms. 18. The primary goal of the protest movement of the 1960s was to end war in Vietnam. 19. The Vietnam War caused the US to distrust the government.