As much as these settlers wanted to separate from the Church of England, they still used much of the English ways as far as their economy and many of their stabilizing systems. Chesapeake was a region that was composed of Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and the New Jerseys(East and West). It was in this area that Jamestown was was founded by 104 settlers in 1607. It was located in a peninsula by the James River. The settlers here hoped to find gold , riches, spices, and an avenue to Asia for more wealth.
In Bradford’s Of Plymouth Plantation, he documented the voyage and settlement of Plymouth. The Pilgrims began their journey in England as Puritan Separatists where they were persecuted for their beliefs and fled to Holland, but later took the voyage to New England. Between the Plymouth landing in 1620 and 1632, the people of the plantation grew prosperous. William Bradford viewed the success and prosperity of the Plymouth community negatively due to causing the separation of church and fellowship. The purpose of the voyage to New England was to start a new church together following Calvin’s model without having the risk of being persecuted.
The Proprietors wanted them to sign an agreement making them pay rent. The interesting thing is the Lords Proprietors never came to the Carolinas to see what was going on. There were religious disagreements with the Dissenters, Protestants who were not Anglicans. The Dissenters disagreed with the colonial leadership. The earlier colonists were Anglicans and they wanted to retain control of the colony, continue trade with the Indians and avoid paying quitrents.
Spanish exploration was sparked by technological advances like the sail boats, new navigation systems, and was fueled by the desire of glory, wealth, and to spread Christianity. Starting in the 1400’s, the Spanish and Portuguese were in a race to see who could conquer more territory and claim its resources. For this reason the Treaty of Tordesillas was made in order to prevent further conflict between the Spain and Portugal. The Portuguese received control of African, Asia, and Brazil. The Spanish received everything west of this.
The Pilgrims and other people came to the New World because they wanted freedom of religion. So they had a separate church, and so they were called separatists, and had secret church meetings. But the King found out about the secret church meetings and sent them to prison. So they went to Holland and so they could worship God in their own way instead of that of the Church of England. They decided in Holland to come to the New World, but not join the Jamestown colony.
In this read the Native Americans at first, were respected mostly because so little was known about them. The Native Indians were used, per the read, for survival and not foreseen as a threat. The Native Indians provided the voyagers with water, food, and souvenirs. The voyagers were shown how to cultivate that land and how to understand the language. In this read, Columbus depicted the Native Indians, as having no religion, and suggested that they should be and easily converted to Christianity.
Puritan New England was founded by small groups of families in 1620. These families came here for religious freedom. They had no tolerance for anything other than being a puritan. Puritans were all about their church and obeying the laws. They kept an eye on the actions of husbands, wives, and the children, and if it was needed they would step in.
Their leader, John Winthrop, carried with him the charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company, which meant the colonists would be responsible only to themselves.” (Brinkley, 2007) The Massachusetts Puritans devoted their life and work in servitude to God and Jesus Christ. They looked at themselves as role models for the rest of the world to follow. The Massachusetts Bay colony did however face early turmoil, but unlike Virginia, had a strong religious and political hierarchy to ensure their continued growth and
In 1648, a non-conformist movement, made in England, by a group of people known as “Quakers” this group made a separation motion from the church of England, finding it too Catholic, believing rumors that King Charles I of England lied about himself being a closet Catholic, therefore making the church also catholic. The Quakers soon separated and went off to the New World in search of freedom and tolerance of religion. William Penn (founder of Pennsylvania) welcomed the Quakers into his society of Pennsylvania, offering both of the needs of the religion. Another religion residing in the New World included the Puritans, another religion that found the Church of England (Anglican Church) had flaws that needed to be refined. Although not wanting to separate from the church entirely, they felt the need to move away from England to begin anew.
Luckily Indians were cooperative and taught the settlers the necessary techniques needed for survival. Despite the good nature of locals, settlers took whatever else they wanted by force. What started to look like a good relationship ended up in the extermination and enslavement of natives. Puritans of England saw the New World as an opportunity to escape religious persecution and reform the teachings of the church. By doing so they were able to practice their own religion freely.