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Define Representative Democracy Representative democracy has its roots derived from the modern world. A representative democracy is where MPs are elected into the House of Commons and act on behalf of their people. Each MP has a constituency, which they represent. There are different forms of representative democracy, one of which is Burkean Representation. This form of representation rose from Edmun Burke, who defined it as: “your representative owes you not his industry only but his judgment; and he betrays instead of serving you, if he sacrifices to you opinions”. In other words it means “you voted for me, therefore I will make the decisions regardless you agree with them or not.” Countries that have a representative democracy include the United Kingdom, The United States, France, Germany, and many other countries. Words: 128 Explain the features of any THREE electoral systems used in the UK The major voting system that is used in the UK, is First Past the Post (FPTP). FPTP is used to elect MPs into the House of Commons, and for local elections. It separates the UK into constituencies, where each MP represents one. During a general election each constituency elects one MP, where constituents vote for candidates by putting an X’ by the candidates name on a ballot paper. The candidate with the most votes is elected, which is known as simple plurality. Candidates may not be voted with an absolute majority, but often it is found that they are. The MP has a constitutional relationship with his/her constituents, which is the Burkean relationship. In other words, constituents have put their trust into the MP, allowing the MP to represent the decisions of the constituent regardless if they agree or not. FPTP disadvantages the Liberal Democracies and minor parties, as they are not fully equipped to concentrate their vote in this way. The system usually produces

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