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HUMAN RIGHTS & HUMAN WELFARE Human Rights and the War on Terror Introduction by Jack Donnelly Andrew Mellon Professor Graduate School of International Studies, University of Denver War rarely is good for human rights. The decision of the United States to launch a “global war on terror” in response to the suicide airplane bombings in New York and Washington has had predictably negative human rights consequences. In combating a tiny network of violent political extremists, human rights have in various ways, both intentional and unintentional, been restricted, infringed, violated, ignored, and trampled in many countries, sometimes severely. Civil liberties have been restricted in numerous countries. We document this in both Europe and the United States. For the U.S., we consider not only the USA Patriot Act but also the rights of detainees. Forces of repression have been emboldened by this new global context. The language of antiterrorism has been used to smear, and justify violating the rights of, ordinary political opponents. In addition, intensified efforts directed against real terrorists have, as in Chechnya, increased the suffering of innocent civilians. The problems have been exacerbated by the increased tolerance shown by Western states, particularly the United States, for repression by regimes that are “partners” in the war on terrorism. Pakistan and Uzbekistan are striking examples. There have been some positive human rights consequences. Afghanistan has been freed from Taliban rule. The ongoing processes of conflict resolution in Sri Lanka has been strengthened. Pakistani support for Kashmiri terrorists has been constrained. Most often, however, and on balance, the global war on terror has harmed human rights. Like the other HRHW Research Digests, this bibliography offers an introduction to a rapidly growing literature rather than a comprehensive

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