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CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Evidence of Artificial Intelligence folklore can be traced back to ancient Egypt, but with the development of the electronic computer in 1941, the technology finally became available to create machine intelligence. The term artificial intelligence was first coined in 1956, at the Dartmouth conference, and since then Artificial Intelligence has expanded because of the theories and principles developed by its dedicated researchers. Through its short modern history, advancement in the fields of AI have been slower than first estimated, progress continues to be made. From its birth 4 decades ago, there have been a variety of AI programs, and they have impacted other technological advancements. In 1941 an invention revolutionized every aspect of the storage and processing of information. That invention, developed in both the US and Germany was the electronic computer. The first computers required large, separate air-conditioned rooms, and were programmers nightmare, involving the separate configuration of thousands of wires to even get a program running. The 1949 innovation, the stored program computer, made the job of entering a program easier, and advancements in computer theory lead to computer science, and eventually Artificial intelligence. With the invention of an electronic means of processing data, came a medium that made AI possible. The purpose of this seminar is to have an insight on artificial intelligence and its importance to mankind. CHAPTER TWO 2.0 Defining AI: The phrase AI, which was coined by John McCarthy three decades ago evades a concise and formal definition to date. One representative definition is pivoted around the comparison of intelligence of computing machines with human beings. Another definition is concerned with the performance of machines which “historically have been judged to lie within the domain of

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