Essay 1

1242 Words5 Pages
Essay #4: The Moral and Ethical Implications of Informed Consent By Jacob Resner In this essay I will discuss and cover the moral and ethical implications of informed consent in regards to obtaining tissue samples from individuals. I will define what informed consent means, as well as cover some cases in which the tissue donor or donors felt that their rights were violated. I will then conclude the essay with my opinion or stance on this topic. The Principle of informed consent is stated in the Nuremberg Code as follows with regards to permissible medical experiments: "The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential. This means that the person involved should have legal capacity to give consent; should be so situated as to be able to exercise free power of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, fraud, deceit, duress, over-reaching, or other ulterior form of constraint or coercion; and should have sufficient knowledge and comprehension of the elements of the subject matter involved as to enable him to make an understanding and enlightened decision." The World Medical Association likewise states in the Declaration of Helsinki that "In any research on human beings, each potential subject must be adequately informed of the aims, methods, anticipated benefits and potential hazards of the study and the discomfort it may entail. He or she should be informed that he or she is at liberty to abstain from participation in the study and that he or she is free to withdraw his or her consent to participate at any time. The physician should then obtain the subject's freely-given informed consent, preferably in writing." These two quotations are a documentation of the fact that the development in biomedical research ethics has taken a new turn in the second half of this century. This new turn is partly due to the

More about Essay 1

Open Document