Esc Rights Versus Pr Essay

1405 Words6 Pages
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, agreed to by the nations of the world on 10 December 1948, sets out the basic rights and freedoms of all men, women and children. It has become the most important document of its kind and forms the basis of many legally-binding national and international laws. Since then, human rights standards have been developed and incorporated into many international laws and treaties. Two of the most significant of these are the: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights. Political rights are set forth to protect individuals from the misuse of political power and recognize a person's right to participate in their country's political process, freedom from slavery, torture and arbitrary arrest, freedom of expression, opinion and religion and the right to a fair trial and equality before the law. Economic, Social, and Cultural RIghts are set forth to require a government to ensure that its people share in the economic wealth of the country, participate in its social and cultural life, have access to adequate health care, education, social support and a clean environment and develop to their full potential. Disagreements over whether one form of rights is more important than another have occurred over past decades between countries, theorists, global NGO's and others with different political ideologies, agendas, and ideas. Some have asserted that priority should be given to economic, social and cultural rights and others have argued the opposite; that civil and political rights should take precedence. Three authors and respected international organization leaders: Amartya Sen, Leonard Rubenstein, and Kenneth Roth present compelling arguments and offer recommendations for better understanding the precedence for each. Additionally, they offer suggestions on
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