Erki Erikson Essay

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Erik Erikson Erikson developed his psychosocial developmental theory based on the idea that cognitive and social development must develop together. Erikson believed that there are eight stages in development. During these eight stages, social tasks must occur in each stags in order for a person’s healthy development. Erik Erikson’s work I find to be true and vital. I truly believe that Erikson’s theory is based on the way children grow and develop throughout their lifetime. Erik H. Erikson (1902-1994) developed his psychosocial development theory based on the premise that cognitive and social development occur hand in hand and cannot be separated” (Morrison, 2009 p.128). Erikson is most known for his work and development of Freud’s theory of psychosocial theory of development. “Erik Erikson modified Freud’s theory and extended it through the adult years” (Rathus, 2011, p. 6). Erikson’s theory entailed eight stages, which are “defined by conflict, which leads to opportunities for personal growth” (Essa, 2007, p.128). Conflicts are a combination of both the person and relationships with others, and focuses on social task that need to emerge in each of the eight stages for a healthy development (Essa, 2007). In his theory, he suggests that personality continues to develop in a series of eight stages throughout the life span. Stage 1 is Trust vs. Mistrust (birth through 18months) during this stage the infant develops trust. Stage 2 is Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (18 months to three years). Stage 3 is Initiative vs. Guilt (3to 5 years). Stage 4 is Industry vs. Inferiority (6 to 8 years). Stage 5 is Identity vs. Role Confusion (12 to 18 years). Stage 6 is Intimacy vs. Isolation (18 to 25 years). Stage 7 is Generativity vs. Stagnation (25 to 65 years). Stage 8 is Integrity vs. Despair (65 to Death). Erikson recognized the impact of culture, society and history on

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