Erikson's 8 Stages

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Stage 5: Adolescence -- Age 12 to 18 Crisis: Identity vs. Role Confusion Description: This is the time when we ask the question "Who am I?" To successfully answer this question, Erikson suggests, the adolescent must integrate the healthy resolution of all earlier conflicts. Did we develop the basic sense of trust? Do we have a strong sense of independence, competence, and feel in control of our lives? Adolescents who have successfully dealt with earlier conflicts are ready for the "Identity Crisis", which is considered by Erikson as the single most significant conflict a person must face. Positive outcome: If the adolescent solves this conflict successfully, he will come out of this stage with a strong identity, and ready to plan for the future. Negative outcome: If not, the adolescent will sink into confusion, unable to make decisions and choices, especially about vocation, sexual orientation, and his role in life in general. Stage 6: Young Adulthood -- Age 19 to 40 Crisis: Intimacy vs. Isolation Description: In this stage, the most important events are love relationships. No matter how successful you are with your work, said Erikson, you are not developmentally complete until you are capable of intimacy. An individual who has not developed a sense of identity usually will fear a committed relationship and may retreat into isolation. Positive outcome: Adult individuals can form close relationships and share with others if they have achieved a sense of identity. Negative outcome: If not, they will fear commitment, feel isolated and unable to depend on anybody in the world. Stage 7: Middle Adulthood -- Age 40 to 65 Crisis: Generativity vs. Stagnation Description: By "generativity" Erikson refers to the adult's ability to look outside oneself and care for others, through parenting, for instance. Erikson suggested that adults need children as much
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