Erikson Developmental Stages

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Erikson’s Stages of Development Stage Ages Basic Conflict Summary Infancy 1 to 2 years Trust vs. Mistrust The child, well - handled, nurtured, and loved, develops trust and security and a basic optimism. Badly handled, s/he becomes insecure and mistrustful. Early Childhood 2-3 years Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of autonomy. Failure results in feelings of shame and doubt. Preschool 3-5 years Initiative vs. Guilt Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt. School Age 6-11 years Industry vs. Inferiority Children need to cope with the new social and academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiority. Adolescence 12-18 years Identity vs. Role Confusion Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Success leads to an ability to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to role confusion and a weak sense of self. Young Adulthood 19-40 years Intimacy vs. Isolation Young adults need to form intimate, loving relationships with other people. Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness and isolation. Middle Adulthood 40-65 years Generativity vs. Stagnation Adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often by having children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Success leads to feelings of usefulness and accomplishment, while failure results in shallow involvement in the world. Maturity 65-Death Ego Integrity vs. Despair Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment. Success at this
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