· Erik Homberger Erikson was born on June 15, 1902, near Frankfort Germany.
· During his childhood Erik was known as Erik Homberger and his birth was kept a secret
· Erik was a tall, blond, blue-eye boy raised in Jewish religion
· He was teased for being a Nordic at temple school and in grammer school he was teased for being jewish
· Erikson studied a variety of languages and arts instead of biology and chemistry
· He did not attend college so he instead traveled around Europe and kept a diary of his experiences
· After a year of traveling he returned to Germany and enrolled in art school
· Erikson taught art and other subjects to American students who had com to Vienna for Freudian training.
· He was then admitted to the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institue
· In 1933 he came to the U.S and became Boston's first child analyst and obtained a job position at Harvard Medical School
· He later worked at Yale, Berkley, and the Menniger Foundation
· Erikson then returned to California to the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences at Palo Alto and soon after Mount Zion Hospital in San Fransciso
· In 1950 Erikson published Childhood and Society
Erikson's 3rd and 4th Stages of Psychosocial Development
· 3rd Stage: Initiative vs Guilt
· Around age three and continuing to age five, children assert themselves more frequently. These are particularly lively, rapid-developing years in a child’s life
· During this period the primary feature involves the child regularly interacting with other children at school. Central to this stage is play, as it provides children with the opportunity to explore their interpersonal skills through initiating activities.
· Children begin to plan activities, make up games, and initiate activities with others. If given this opportunity, children develop a sense of initiative, and feel secure in their ability to lead others and make decisions.
· If this stage is interupted the child will begin to feel guilty or...