Equatorial Guinea Lawsuit Essay

1400 WordsOct 6, 20136 Pages
Oil in West Africa Equatorial Guinea Lawsuit Overview: The small land mass and surrounding islands that make up Equatorial Guinea have had its share of rulers over the five hundred years in which it has been colonized, but none have been as controversial and untrusted as those who have ruled in the most recent century. Equatorial Guinea was under Spanish rule until 1968, when Francisco Macias Nguema was elected president. Nguema was a sneaky and terrifying ruler, who gave himself the power of the government and institutions of the state when he altered the constitution of Equatorial Guinea in 1971 and eventually absolved all political parties of the country into one, which Nguema had complete control over (U.S. Department of State, 2011). Nguema was also responsible for the death or exile of almost one third of the country’s entire population a mere two years into his presidential term (Sengupta, 2007). Nguema’s was overthrown when Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (Nguema’s nephew and the then Vice-Minister of the Armed Forces) overran him with the aide of his troops in 1979 (U.S. Department of State, 2011). It looked as though President Mbasogo had learned from his uncle’s mistakes, and for a while, Equatorial Guinea seemed to be on the rise. Human rights came to the forefront of Mbasogo’s presidency, as laws against abuse were signed into action. Although President Mbasogo has acted in favor of significant betterment of his country (including the reopening of schools, increased access to better healthcare, infrastructural improvements, religious freedom, and the abolishment of the single-party political system, the corruption of the Mbasogo family is vast, and human rights issues have continued to run rampant over President Mbasogo’s three consecutive (albeit rigged) seven-year terms (BBC, 2011). However, when precious oil reserves were discovered

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