Equality, Diversity and Rights in Health and Social Care Essay

664 Words3 Pages
Within a health and social care environment organisations have to abide by the national initiatives. National initiatives are legislations passed by the governments to protect employers and employees from being discriminated against. A few national initiatives that are used more often in health and social care settings are: The Human Rights Act 1998, The Data Protection Act 1998 and The Discrimination Act 2000. P4&P5- The Human Rights Act is a UK law passed in 1998. The Human Rights may be used by every person who resides in England or Wales regardless of whether or not they are a British Citizen or a foreign national. It can even be used by companies or organisations. The Human Rights that are contained within this law are based on the articles of the European Convention on Human Rights. The Act ‘gives further effect’ to rights and freedoms guaranteed under the European Convention. What this actually means is that it does two things: (1) Judges must read and give effect to legislation (other laws) in a way which is compatible with the Convention Rights and (2) it is unlawful for a public authority to act in a way which is incompatible with a Convention Right. When we are born we are automatically give our rights, we keep those rights until the day we die. These rights include: right to life, prohibition of torture, prohibition of slavery and forced labour, right to liberty and security, right to fair trial, no punishment without law, right to respect for private and family rights, freedom of thought, conscience and religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and association, right to marry, prohibition of discrimination, protection of property, right to education, right to free elections and Right to Free Elections and lastly, abolition of death penalty. The way the Human Rights Act is used to portray anti- discriminatory practise is by
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