1.1 Explain what is meant by: Diversity, Equality, Inclusion
Diversity means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognising our individual differences. These can range from race, ethnicity, gender, age, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or any other identity defining beliefs and characteristics. In a care setting, diversity means understanding that these differences can affect, or even determine the care needs of an individual. For example, a service user who has poor mobility would need assistance to mobilise around the home, with the type of assistance varying depending on how poor their mobility is, whilst another service user who is independently mobile would not need any assistance.
Equality is about everyone being treated fairly, however it does not mean we treat everyone the same. It is about celebrating diversity and ensuring that no one is discriminated against because of their differences, giving everyone equal opportunities. To discriminate is to use someone's differences as a disadvantage to them, for example, failing to install wheelchair ramps in the workplace making it difficult for anyone in a wheelchair to enter the building. Equality is about removing these barriers and eliminating discrimination.
Inclusion is the practice of eliminating discrimination and removing the barriers that may be hindering people, helping them access equal opportunities and fair treatment. In a care setting, it means celebrating each service user's individuality and making sure they have access to an equal quality of care.
1.2 Describe the potential effects of discrimination
The potential effects of discrimination can be different for different people. Some people may experience physical effects, whilst some experience emotional effects, or a combination of both.