Epidemiological Research Analysis

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Epidemiological Research Analysis PSYCH/626 April 6, 2015 Anna Czipri Epidemiological Research Analysis Throughout history, there has been a constant need to know what causes or why a disease has happened to a person or a set of people. Researchers have an ongoing desire in wanting to know the background of illness in order to help prevent or treat an illness. Researchers continue to conduct studies to help prevent and treat illnesses. Recent and past studied have an objective, method, inferred cause-and –effect, contributions, and its share of strengths and limitations. The following will identify the previously mentioned from a specific study and also touch on the Framingham study. Framingham Study According to Straub (2012), Epidemiology can be defined as, “the scientific study of the frequency, distribution, and causes of a particular disease or other health outcome in population” (pg. 32). In the 1940s and 1950s (after World War II), there was very little information regarding stroke and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The causes were unknown, and the disease quickly became an American epidemic striking nearly one in three adults with an average life expectancy of 45 years of age. With collaboration of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLB) formerly known as the National Heart Institute and Boston University, a landmark study was conducted with participants from the town of Framingham, Massachusetts to, “identify the common factors or characteristics that contribute to CVD by following its development over a long period of time in a large group of participants who had not yet developed overt symptoms of CVD or suffered a heart attack or stroke” (Framingham Heart Study, 2015, p. 1). With decades of research and more shedding light on heart disease, the Framingham Study has been the leading force in uncovering clues and answering questions

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