Epic Essay

1049 WordsJan 28, 20125 Pages
Some of the similarities and differences between the laws in the Code of Hammurabi and in the Bible are theft and slavery among many other topics.Theft was not treated lightly in these law codes. In Mosaic Law, whatever a thief stole he had to give back more than he stole. For example, if a person stole an ox or sheep and killed it, he would have to restore to the owner five heads of cattle or four sheep for each respective crime. If, however, the stolen animal was found alive among the thief's property, the thief was required to pay back the owner two of the stolen animal. According to Hammurabi's laws, the animal stolen must be repaid thirty or ten times over, depending upon the social status of the person who was robbed. If a man lacked the resources to pay, he was killed. Mosaic Law allowed the Israelites to own slaves provided that these slaves were taken from the surrounding countries and were not fellow Hebrews. Because slaves were considered a person's property, the owner possessed the authority to beat the slave as long as, after a day or two, the slave could get back up. If they slave died as a result of the beating, the owner was punished. Similarly, Mosaic Law stated that if an Israelite worked as a servant to pay off a debt, he would serve six years and in the seventh year be released. Aruru is the creator of all humans, and was giving the task of creating Enkidu. Enkidu’s creation is somewhat similar to creation of Adam and Eve. Enkidu was created from clay and with a certain intimacy. Enkidu was created to be Gilgamesh’s equal, and teach him the ways of friendship and humility. Enkidu is created in the forest brought out by Shamhat. Enkidu is brought to Gilgamesh. Enkidu rebukes Gilgamesh for some of his ways. He then later dies regretting the day when he turned into a human. In the Bible, Adam and Eve were created in God’s image and formed from the

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