ECO/372 Learning Team Aggregate Demand and Supply Models The Keynesian economists would look at the current proposal of increasing taxes as a governmental expression of the intermediate approach to the economy. The government taking control and having the people pay the price for their higher tax bracket. These funds would be used to decrease the amount of money owed by the United States. The effects of the economy would be absorbed and educated responses would be to lessen those impacts. To increase their taxes would be appropriate and this would be stream lining taxes at a time when the economy needs a boost.
These methods are usually applied through the central bank in the UK The monetary policy contains buying and selling of national debt, changing the credit restrictions in the county and changing the interest rates this is done by changing backup requirements. I am now going to talk about how monetary policies affect aldi. Over the years since the country has been through some difficult financial times the interest rates have risen and this has affected aldi. This is because there is less disposable income for consumers to spend which results in the buying only the essentials which they need to go throughout the week. On the other hand this has benefited aldi because more consumers would rather go to aldi than Tesco or Morrison’s because they are cheaper and they have good quality on the goods and
Many economists believe “that a rapid stock of the nation’s money causes inflation” (pg.169). The rate of inflation can affect borrowing power for a new business owner as, “the rate of inflation expected by the borrower and the lender will be influence by various interest rates” (pg. 169). When inflation is high, many lenders interest rate increase to compensate for the impact inflation has on their business and the decrease in purchasing power of money that has to be paid back in the future. Since, the FED set the interest rate in which the banks borrow from, Edgars’ ability to borrow enough money or establish a line of credit to start his business will be affected by inflation, interest rate and financial policies.
Monetary policies influence and are influenced by international developments, including exchange rates, and based on these market conditions the U.S. government can make strategic changes to these policies to maintain the country’s economic stability (full employment, stable growth and price stability). For example if Federal Reserve actions raised U.S. interest rates, the foreign exchange value of the dollar generally would rise. An increase in the foreign exchange value of the dollar, in turn, would raise the price in foreign currency of U.S. goods traded on world markets and lower the dollar price of goods imported into the United States (Federal Reserve, 2005). By restraining exports and boosting imports, these developments could lower output and price levels in the U.S. economy and control or lower
Evaluating Fiscal Policy Alternatives Simulation ECO 372 November 28, 2011 Matthew Angner A government has a couple of roles the need to enforce in order to ensure that their people and land will be able to support them through any times. One of these roles is to invoke and sustain economic growth. The government can achieve this by trying to manipulate the trends in that particular economy, though fiscal policy. Fiscal policy is changes that are made to government spending or taxes that leads to one of two conclusions. One of these conclusions is that the economy will stimulate because of the changes being made, or the economy will slow down.
I do not agree with her as well on raising the bank reserve requirements as it can restrain lending from banks and as a result it will shrink the economy growth. After analyzing my colleagues’ recommendations, and as the president’s senior economic advisor, I recommend the following: * We should lower income taxes. This shall increase the aggregate demand as the consumer disposable income will increase, which leads to an increase in the consumer spending. If the consumer spending increases, it will bring back up the flow of business and operations which means more jobs opening in the market and low unemployment rates. * Lowering banks’ interest rates.
Proponents of the notion of a "political business cycle" suggest that: A. The standardized budget is a better indicator of the state of the economy than the actual budget B. Cyclical swings in the economy are produced by the inherent instability found in capitalist economies C. A possible cause of economic fluctuations is due to the use of fiscal policy for political purposes D. There is a tradeoff among goals that tends to make the economic policies of state and local governments procyclical 19. One of the timing problems with fiscal policy is an "operational lag" that occurs between the: A. Beginning of a recession and the time that it is recognized that the event is occurring B.
In contrast, Supply side economists believe that unemployment is caused by the supply side of the economy not functioning properly. Extract E states how the recent strong performance of our labour market has “to some extent, been based on a foundation of macro economic stability“. This macroeconomic stability has been reached by using “appropriate fiscal and monetary policies to manage aggregate demand“. The fall in unemployment from 7.1% to 4.7% from 1997 to 2006 shown in Extract D is therefore evidence that managing aggregate demand can contribute to an effective reduction in unemployment. Managing aggregate demand(eg) can be self-financing because when the increase in aggregate demand causes an increase in employment, it means that fewer people would be on unemployment benefits.
The cornerstone of this section, and in many ways the course, is Carl Menger’s theory of the origin of money. Menger argues that money arose as an unintended consequence of barter exchange, rather than as the conscious product of human design. The use of money in exchange has enabled us to form money prices and dramatically increase the productivity and complexity of the economy. Money prices play an important role in economic coordination, and Hayek’s paper explicates this role more
The two strong ideas regarding improving the improving the economy reside in the republican or democratic parties. The Republican Party suggests tax breaks towards big business, while democrats believe more taxes to the upper class can create money for programs to boost government involvement in society. The better of the two, the Republican Party allows tax breaks to the wealthy to encourage spending through out the economy by allowing more money to actually reach others in need, through a process known as trickle down economics. Money being spent from the high point on the food chain causes a chain reaction to boost every business because of increased business as a result of the tax breaks. This ultimately leads to the demise of poverty