It was Fredrich Ratzel, who indeed looked at environment determinism in this way. Although still “convinced of the importance of the idea of evolution” (Wanklyn, 1961, p.19) Ratzel explored the ideas of how societies are dependent on the land and what it provides. Ratzel saw development of these societies as dependent on what the land provides, if the land for example contains valuable resources then, according to Ratzel, that society will develop. To some extent there are modern
In the essay “The Environmental Crisis: The Devil Is in the Generalities” the author, Ross McKitrick, puts forward a case for readers to look at the environment in terms of specific, definable metrics. The author of this essay is an economist who has previously published several papers and a book looking to debunk the “myth” of global warming. His thesis is that the public’s general consensus of an environmental crisis is misguided, and caused by two factors: an overgeneralization of the problem and a lack of knowledge on specific environmental data. By presenting several examples of misguided concern over the state of the environment the author attempts to use logos to persuade the reader of his thesis. The author describes how each year
In the third area, there is the personal source of morality. This is the area that has sparked controversy, as it is subject to many forms of interpretation and personal understandings. In Lenn Goodman’s work, we see an argument that states there are some things, which are certainly wrong. He confirms the existence of our four fundamental and universal things that fall under the category of wrong and unacceptable acts in a society moral-minima. The first, he explains is genocide that encompasses politically instigated famine and germ warfare.
We have forgotten “the hard-learned lesson that how you get someplace is as important as getting there” (Berkebile, McLennan, 1999). So, what needs to be done? Well, for one, there is a need to overhaul the entire environmental movement. “Environmentalist can turn things around if they can rethink their priorities and craft more coherent, consistent, morally compelling ways of addressing our environmental plight” (Freyfogle, 2005). Maybe this way more people can understand exactly what the world is facing and what needs to be done about it, to help people to get excited about doing what is morally right in regards to the environment.
Amy LaCasse Environmental Studies Charles Kaminski 18 July 2011 Environmental Science- An Interdisciplinary Approach Environmental science is a broad and complex field concerned with the study of the natural environment and the effects on that environment of human activity and natural events. This branch of science deals with such issues as deforestation, soil erosion, air and water pollution, global warming, loss of fisheries, the fate of hazardous chemicals in the environment, management of the earth’s water resources, and the destruction of habitats on land and in the ocean. All of these environmental challenges are multidisciplinary in nature. Because these concerns are so far-reaching and many environmental problems are interconnected, environmental science encompasses a number of varied areas of science. In order to understand each environmental challenge well enough to develop viable solutions, scientists must have expertise in several disciplines of science.
However, what may be debatable is the reasoning behind the environmental cause. On many organizations’ websites, their reasons stated for attempting to save endangered species include medicinal, research, and economical benefits. While these are incredibly important, these justifiers are also taking the animal away from the issue. The issue now is about humans and how we suffer from a species dying out, when the foundation of the matter should be the wellbeing of the animals and the ecosystems to which they belong and contribute. The idea of human responsibility is the understanding of obligation a human should feel toward a cause or situation, recognizing the impact humans as a whole have had on the issue.
To yield and to develop their theories and conclusions. The scientific method for the natural sciences relies the most on reasoning as the way of knowing. This method attempts to test observations and have reliable and reproducible results, a process in which many participate in and improve upon with the aim of describing the world in an objective manner. This means that a theory in the field of natural science must be tested until the
A stimulus load theory proposes a theory of stance restriction to explain the fundamental phenomenon between stimuli and performance. Research is important in the field of environmental psychology because it brings about homeostatic balance between humans and nature by gathering facts from correlational studies, field experimentation, and laboratory experimentations (Stewart, 2007). Theoretical Approaches Environmental psychologist theories of individual psychology help to understand the fundamental interaction between behavior, experience, and environment. To that end, the theories that underlie the principles of EP borrow from the fields of psychology, anthropology, sociology,
c) Examples of these environmental events are oil spills and highly publicized threats of extinction of many species. d) Environment became a popular issue. 3) Early days of modern environmentalism a) Environmentalism was dominated by confrontations between those labeled environmentalist and those labeled anti-environmentalists. b) Environmentalists believed that the world was in peril. c) The antienvironmentalists believed that social and economic heath and progress were necessary.
It also helps us to come in touch with nature. Archetypal approach is used to support that literature is grounded in the archetypal pattern. Critics look for God’s creation of human beings, the sacrifice of a hero, or the search for paradise. Myths attempt to explain things that we find unexplainable such as the things we value in life. So when it comes to literature that I may be reading, if it reveals universal meaning and basic human experiences