Environmental Impacts From Tourism Development Essay

1847 WordsJan 21, 20128 Pages
This summer, I went to Machu Picchu in Peru, one of the seven wonders in the world. Over 2000 people visit Machu Picchu daily (Miranda et al., 2011). One of the famous tourist tours was to trek for four days on the Inca Trail to explore the beauty of nature. My experience with the Inca Trail was not very good because I was annoyed by lots of garbage on the ground and marks that tourist made on rocks and trees (For example I saw many “Susan 2011” or “Mike 2008”). My Peruvian tour guide told me that the natural environment of Machu Picchu was destroyed by the high level of tourist activities. However, tourism is the main source of income for 90 percent of population near the area. With the high dependency on tourism, choosing between maintaining the environment and making profits is a dilemma for the local residents. Peru is just one example of a country facing environmental issues because of high level of tourism. In the past decades, tourism has become one of the largest industries in the world (Neto, 2002). Although high level of tourist activities creates the fast economic growth, the environment is at risk at the same time. The environmental threats from tourism including: losing natural resources, imbalance of local ecosystem, and pollution and waste production. We must pay attention to these issues because the damage is often non-recoverable. Supporting sustainable tourism development is a key to protecting our environment without losing the benefits from the tourism business because of its emphasis on the management of natural resources, the maintenance of ecosystems, and the elimination of pollution and waste production. According to World Tourism Organization (UNWTO, 2004) sustainable tourism consists of, “…the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development, and a suitable balance must be established between these three dimensions

More about Environmental Impacts From Tourism Development Essay

Open Document