Environmental and Global Health Issues Essay

897 WordsSep 15, 20144 Pages
Community Health Nursing Task 3: Environmental & Global Health Issues A. Avian Influenza (bird flu) 1. Avian influenza is also known as bird flu. Avian influenza is caused from a virus; there many different subtypes, but all are from influenza type A. This outbreak was caused by birds; they can carry type A influenza virus in their intestines without causing the bird to become sick. However, birds that contract avian influenza can become very sick and die. Avian influenza is extremely contagious and can spread quickly. This virus can infect humans if they come into contact with this virus, usually from infected birds (CDC: Avian Influenza, 2014). The first infection of avian influenza was discovered in 1997 from a poultry outbreak in Hong Kong SAR, China. It then appeared six years later in Asia to Europe and Africa; this resulted in millions of poultry infections, hundreds of human cases, and several human deaths, affecting economical and international trades (WHO, 2014). 2. The avian influenza is a subtype of influenza type A; this “bird flu” has mutated over time, causing the spread of flu causes between humans. Avian influenza does not generally pass from human to human. Risk factors include working with foul of any sorts. Symptoms are generally vague—fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches; however, symptoms can become very serious, leading to pneumonia, eye infections, 2|Page severe respiratory distress, or other life-threatening complications (CDC: Avian Influenza, 2014). 3. The data noted above requires analyzing. Avian influenza continues to mutate and serves as a potential for disaster in the future. However, an increase in prevention and awareness can diminish this potential. This education should include proper sanitation and cooking mechanics, in addition to proper respiratory/cleanliness etiquette. 4. Avian influenza was originally spread from
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