Environmental and Global Health Issues Essay

2012 Words9 Pages
Environmental and Global Health Issues Community Health Nursing June 09, 2013 Environmental and Global Health Issues Outbreak of SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome commonly known as SARS is a viral illness. (Collection of symptoms) that affects the respiratory systems of humans and it is caused by a coronavirus characterized by both an atypical pneumonia and efficient nosocomial transmission. Because of the uncertainties and progressive nature of most infectious diseases, outbreaks can cause considerable fear in communities and the public. SARS was first reported in Asia in February 2003. Between November 2002 and July 2003, an outbreak of SARS in South China and then Hong Kong nearly became a pandemic, with 8,098 cases and 774 deaths worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), within weeks of the infection, SARS spread from Hong Kong to infect individuals in 37 countries in early 2003. Research suggests that only eight people had laboratory evidence of SARS-CoV infection in the United States during the outbreak. Generally, symptoms usually begin with a high fever (temperature greater than 100.4°F, then headache, generalized ache, and occasionally mild respiratory symptoms like shortness of breath, and patient may require oxygen support, approximately 10 percent to 20 percent of patients have diarrhea. After 2 to 7 days, SARS patients may develop a dry cough and most patients gradually develop pneumonia. After the initial report, this illness spread to more than twenty-four countries in Asia, Europe, South America and North America within the next several months (Center for Disease Control and Prevention website, n.d). EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INDICATORS SARS is a deadly, communicable disease, first manifested in an epidemic that started in November 2002 in Guangdong Province, China. A medical professional who had worked
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