Enrico Fermi was born on September 29, 1901. His father was Alberto Fermi. Alberto was a Chief Inspector of the Ministry of Communications. At age 14, he became interested in the study of physics because he was trying to cope with his grief over losing his brother Giulio during minor surgery on his throat. Enrico spent four years in the University of Pisa. He studied physics. In 1918, he won an award for a fellowship of Scoula Normale Superiore of Pisa. He earned his doctor’s degree for physics in 1922. The Italian government awarded him a scholarship in 1923. He spent a few months with Professor Max Born in Gottingen. In 1924, he moved to Leyden to work for W.P Ehrenfest with a Rockefeller scholarship. He returned to Italy later that same year to occupy the post of Lecturer in Mathematical Physics and Mechanics at the University of Florence for two years. In 1926, Enrico discovered the statistical laws, now known as Fermi statistics. He also discovered that slow moving neutrons were especially effective in producing radioactive atoms. In1927, at the University of Rome, Fermi was elected to be president.
In 1938 he moved to America so he can escape Mussolini’s fascist dictatorship. In 1938, he was known as the expert of neutrons. When he moved to America he was given the position of being a professor of Physics at Columbia University. Fermi won a Nobel Prize for physics for his work on nuclear processes in 1938. In Chicago of December 2, 1942 one of his experiments led Enrico to the first controlled nuclear chain reaction. This project was moved to New Mexico and later on July 16, 1945, the first atomic bomb was detonated at Alamogordo Air Base. Enrico became a citizen of America in 1944. In 1946, at the end of the war, he accepted to be a professor at the Institute fro Nuclear Studies at the University of Chicago.
Enrico married to Laura Capon in 1928. They had two children. One son named Giulio and one daughter named Nella. When...