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English Syntax Essay

  • Submitted by: ultrasfury
  • on February 2, 2012
  • Category: English
  • Length: 90,125 words

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Below is an essay on "English Syntax" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

English Syntax: An Introduction
Jong-Bok Kim and Peter Sells
November 20, 2007

CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE AND INFORMATION

Contents

1

Some Basic Properties of English Syntax 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 How We Discover Rules Exercises 9 11 4

1 1 7

Some Remarks on the Essence of Human Language Why Do We Study Syntax and What Is It Good for?

2

From Words to Major Phrase Types 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Introduction 11 12 Lexical Categories

2.2.1 Determining the Lexical Categories

12

Grammar with Lexical Categories Phrasal Categories
2.5.1 NP: Noun Phrase 2.5.2 VP: Verb Phrase

17

19 22
22 23 25 25 26

Phrase Structure Rules

2.5.3 AP: Adjective Phrase 2.5.4 AdvP: Adverb Phrase 2.5.5 PP: Preposition Phrase

2.6 2.7 3

Grammar with Phrases Exercises 32

26

Syntactic Forms, Grammatical Functions, and Semantic Roles 3.1 3.2 Introduction
3.2.1 Subjects

35

35 36
38 3 36

Grammatical Functions

3.2.2 Direct and Indirect Objects

3.2.3 Predicative Complements 3.2.4 Oblique Complements 3.2.5 Modifiers 41 40

39

3.3 3.4 3.5 4

Form and Function Together Semantic Roles Exercises 46 43

41

Head, Complements, and Modifiers 4.1
4.1.1 Internal vs. External Syntax 49

49 49
50

Projections from Lexical Heads to Phrases

4.1.2 Notion of Head, Complements, and Modifiers

4.2 4.3 4.4

Differences between Complements and Modifiers PS Rules, X -Rules, and Features Lexicon and Feature Structures 55 62
62 65

52

4.4.1 Feature Structures and Basic Operations 4.4.2 Feature Structures for Linguistic Entities 4.4.3 Argument Realization 66 67 4.4.4 Verb Types and Argument Structure

4.5 5

Exercises

71 73 73 76

More on Subjects and Complements 5.1 5.2 Grammar Rules and Principles
5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 Complements of Verbs 76 80

Feature Specifications on the Complement Values
Complements of Adjectives

Complements of Common Nouns

82

5.3 5.4

Feature Specifications for the Subject Clausal...

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English Syntax. Anti Essays. Retrieved September 25, 2018, from the World Wide Web: https://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/English-Syntax-160390.html