English Bill Of Rights Essay

474 WordsOct 15, 20102 Pages
The English Bill of Rights 1689 The Bill of Rights was passed by Parliament in December 1689. It was a re-statement in statutory form of the Declaration of Right showed by the Convention Parliament to William and Mary in March 1689, inviting them to become joint sovereigns of England. It enumerates certain rights to which common people and permanent residents of a constitutional monarch were thought to be entitled in the late 17th century. Asserting subjects' right to petition the monarch, as well as to have arms in defence. (Political thinker John Locke birthed these ideas about rights and they quickly became popular in England.) It also sets out, in the view of its drafters, restates certain constitutional requirements of the crown to seek the consent of the people, as represented in parliament. The reason why parliament decided to some up with the bill of rights is because King James II treated common people poorly. King James II also fled from England during the Glorious Revolution of 1688. King James then became deposed from his crown and thrown. They also knew that in order for William and Mary to take the crown they would need the support of noblemen to take charge since King James abdicated. Its main purpose was to declare illegal various practices of James II. Such as the royal prerogative of dispensing with the law in certain cases. The result of a long struggle between the Stuart kings, English people, and Parliament. It made the monarchy clearly conditional on the will of Parliament and provided freedom from arbitrary government. It dealt with the succession to the throne as well. The English Bill of Right removed the monarch's power to arbitrarily halt Parliament and removed the monarch's power to tax. This made it so that the parliament was not able to tax anything unfairly with out others agreeing to it. The monarchs were not able to judge

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