Enga Culture Essay

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Enga Culture The Enga group of the New Guinea Highlands will be discussed in this research. The Enga cultures will be identified. Also, several aspects will be covered ranging from kinship, beliefs & values, & gender relations. The Engas, like other New Guinea Highland people were horticulturalists. The Engas lived in the mountains so they had to adapt to their environment. The Engas staple crop was the sweet potatoes, and pig raisers. Due to severe frost in the mountains during September the families would migrate. Families would live with relatives who would provide shelter, food, and work. Sweet potatoes take about nine months to fully develop and harvest, so this is why Engas migrate. Pigs were deemed the most valuable wealth items to this group of people. The Engas resided in the Highlands in New Guinea. Due to the high altitudes they had to build mounds to plant the sweet potatoes to protect them from the frost. Sweet potatoes would be positioned at the top of the mound. Peas, cabbage, and beans, which are tolerant to frost, would be planted throughout the mound. The Engas use multiple gardens at different elevations to survive. The pigs also survive on the cultivated produce. As we see the Enga were subsistence gardeners. Kinship is very beneficial in the Enga societies. The Enga culture is there for each other and one of their main focuses are their kinship. The male Engas handle politics, which is basically exchange and land. In case of conflict over land, ceremonial exchanges reestablish peace. The female Engas handle the family, the animals, and the gardening. Although their land is usually inherited, these people work together to form a bridge. The Enga of the New Guinea Highlands use multiple kinship identities strategically. These people believed in patrilineal descent. Patrilineal refers to or is based on tracing descent through the
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