Energy Crisis in Pakistan Essay

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1. Energy Crisis in Pakistan 1. Introduction: 1. What is energy? – Lifeline. 2. Significance/Importance of energy – parameter of progress, main input, lack leads to death. 3. What is meant by energy crisis? 4. Historical background of energy crisis. 2. Energy Sector of Pakistan: 1. Infrastructure – Not well developed, Poor managed. 2. Power shutdown / Load shedding – Increase in demand, No effort in supply. 3. Demand/Consumption of Energy in Pakistan 1. Electricity 15.3 % • Pak needs 15/20,000 MW per day but Production is 11,500 MW (Shortfall 4/9,000 MW) • Consumer Heads 1. Domestic 2. Commercial 3. Industrial 4. Agriculture 5. Transport 6. Others 2. Natural Gas 43.7 % 1. Power Generations 33%. 2. Small industries as fuel 25%. 3. Fertilizers 22%. 4. Cement Industries 15%. 5. Crude Oil & Refined Petroleum Products 29.0 % 6. Coal 10.5 % 7. LPG 01.5 % 4. Supply/Production of Energy in Pakistan 1. Electricity Types of Electricity Produced in Pakistan • Hydroelectric Power 6,500 MW 35 % • Thermal Power 11,327 MW 62 % • Nuclear Power 476 MW 03 % Power Producers in Pakistan • WAPDA Hydroelectric 6,823 MW 32.01 % • WAPDA Thermal 4,811 MW 22.57 % • KESE 1,756 MW 8.24 % • IPPs 7,070 MW 33.17 % • PAEC 852 MW 4 % 2. Natural Gas • Production 39.1 billion Cu.m • Consumption 42.9 billion Cu.m • Reserves 679.6 billion Cu.m - Biggest field - Sui (Balochistan)- 35 % 3. Crude Oil • Production 61,660 bbl/day • Reserves 247.5 million bbl • Import 151,200 bbl/day 4. Refined Petroleum Products • Production 210,100 bbl/day • Consumption 426,700 bbl/day • Export 34,660 bbl/day • Import 227,100 bbl/day 5. Resources of Energy in Pakistan 1. Non-renewable Resources / Non conventional Resources • Fossil Fuels, Limited, Expensive • Petroleum Products 29.0 % •

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