Energy Crisis In Bangladesh Essay

1773 WordsDec 10, 20108 Pages
Energy Crisis in Bangladesh Introduction: Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries with 79% of the population living in rural areas. The primarily agricultural economy of Bangladesh has recorded around 5% annual growth rate over the last few years (ADB, 2001). The main crops grown in the country are rice and jute. Those of us who are living in Bangladesh are victims of energy crisis. It is unfortunate that as a nation we have not been able to resolve this problem even after thirty nine years of our independence. Governments come and go and this issue remains a struggling issue. By 'energy crisis' we are mainly referring to electric power shortages. In this discussion we would try to reflect on some possible solutions that might work for us. Present State: Bangladesh's energy infrastructure is quite small, insufficient and poorly managed. The per capita energy consumption in Bangladesh is one of the lowest (136 kWH) in the world. Noncommercial energy sources, such as wood, animal wastes, and crop residues, are estimated to account for over half of the country's energy consumption. Bangladesh has small reserves of oil and coal, but very large natural gas resources. Commercial energy consumption is mostly natural gas (around 66%), followed by oil, hydropower and coal. Electricity is the major source of power for country's most of the economic activities. Bangladesh's installed electric generation capacity was 4.7 GW in 2009; only three-fourth of which is considered to be ‘available’. Only 40% of the population has access to electricity with a per capita availability of 136 kWh per annum. Problems in the Bangladesh's electric power sector include corruption in administration, high system losses, delays in completion of new plants, low plant efficiencies, erratic power supply, electricity theft, blackouts, and shortages of funds for power plant

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