This results in inflammation causing swelling, increased blood flow, and ulcerations. In Crohn’s disease, these ulcerations go into the full thickness of the intestinal lining. This may lead to a narrowing of the bowel, which can lead to partial or total blockage of the intestinal flow, called bowel obstruction. Symptoms of intestinal obstruction include cramping around the mid-abdomen, frequently associated with vomiting. The abdomen may also become bloated and distended.
Common symptoms are acral necrosis of the extremities (such as the toes, fingers, lips and tip of the nose), high fever, nausea, vomiting, and breathing difficulty. Left untreated, Yersinia pestis can multiply rapidly in the bloodstream, possibly causing septicemic plague or even creep towards the lungs causing pneumonic plague. In order to diagnose bubonic plague, testing in the laboratory is required. Identification of the bacterium Yersinia pestis culture in a sample of serum from a patient’s blood is used for confirmation of the
This abnormal mucus can clog the airways which will lead to severe problems with breathing and bacterial infections in the lungs. These infections will cause an individual to cough and wheeze. Inflammation is caused as well. Over time, mucus buildup and infections result in permanent lung damage which includes the formation of scar tissue and cyst in the lungs. Cystic fibrosis is caused by mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) located
What is a sickle cell crisis? Why is it concerning? • A sickle cell crisis is when the RBC is sickled shaped which prevents the RBC’s and oxygen to get to the tissue leading to extreme pain. There are 3 forms of a sickle cell crisis: • Vaso-occlusive crisis occurs when blood flow to tissues is obstructed by sickled RBCs, leading to hypoxemia and ischemia. • Acute sequestration event occurs when blood flow from an organ such as the liver, lungs, or spleen is obstructed by sickled RBC.
3. Discuss signs and symptoms of the clinical problem. Symptoms of appendicitis include dull pain that becomes sharp and moves to the lower right abdomen, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal swelling, fever, and inability to pass gas. 4. What type of surgery did the dancer have?
Fibromyalgia and Multiple Sclerosis both have pain associated with the diseases. These pains can be muscle twitching, muscle weakness, severe weakness in an arm or leg or both. More common pain could be tingling, crawling, or burning feeling in the arms or legs. All of these lead to muscle pain which makes it very difficult to do the daily activities. A person who has these diseases could be embarrassed by symptoms such as constipation, stool leakage and urine leakage.
Some of its symptoms include weight loss, cramping, and diarrhea. Another type is jejunoileitis. With this type, fistulas may form in the affected area of the jejunum. This type also has diarrhea and cramping as symptoms ("Crohn's Disease," 2011). Gastroduodenal Crohn's disease occurs in the duodenum and the stomach.
Central nervous system disturbances may be noted with decreased cardiac output. •Observe for chest pain or discomfort; note location, radiation, severity, quality, duration, associated manifestations such as nausea, and precipitating and relieving factors. Chest pain/discomfort is generally indicative of an inadequate blood supply to the heart, which can compromise cardiac output. Clients with heart failure can continue to have chest pain with angina or can re-infarct. •If chest pain is present, have client lie down, monitor cardiac rhythm, give oxygen, run a strip, medicate for pain, and notify the physician.
The most common symptoms of ulcerative colitis include: * Abdominal pain- Pain is worse after a meal and is relieved by passing wind or stools which eases the pressure on the colon. * Diarrhoea- People suffer from active diarrhoea and this may be accompanied with pus and
Serious complications, such as osteomyelitis (infection of the bone) or sepsis (infection carried through the blood) can occur. http://www.spinal-injury.net/spinal-injury-network/images/pressure-sore-stages.jpg Identify pressure sites of the body. Common places where pressure sores are likely to develop are, back of head and ears, elbows, lower back and sacrum, shoulders, hips, heels and the inner knees. Identify factors which might put an individual at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores. Factors that put individuals at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores are confinement to a bed, chair or wheel chair, Inability to change positions without help, loss of bowel or bladder control, poor nutrition and/or dehydration and decreased mental awareness.