Emotional Intelligence And Thought Leadership Essay

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Summary of Goleman (1998) In Daniel Goleman’s article, “The emotional intelligence of leaders,” he asserts that emotional intelligence not rational intelligence is what distinguishes exceptional leaders from average leaders. Biologically speaking, feelings and emotions developed in the limbic system before the development of rational thought in the cerebral cortex. Emotional intelligence involves the balance and synergy between the emotional and rational centers of the human brain. Goleman, a psychologist who has written articles for the New York Times and has authored books and on behavioral science, establishes five emotional intelligence competencies required for successful leaders: self-awareness, emotion management, motivation of others, empathy, and staying connected. Self-awareness is an understanding of how you feel and who you are; it involves the ability to listen to your deepest instincts and influences your decision making. Self-aware leaders are confident, decisive, and know who they are what their strengths and weaknesses are. Emotion management is exhibiting good self-control and limiting impulsive reactions. Leaders who allow themselves to be governed by anger, fear, anxiety, and sadness cannot provide effective, confident, authoritative leadership. Goleman references a Stanford University study which showed that children with better impulse control, in this case delaying gratification, outperformed their impulsive counterparts years later on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). Motivating others involves inspiring action and optimism in others. Effective leaders learn from setbacks, keep moving forward, and remain optimistic of their ability to improve the final outcome. Showing empathy or understanding of the emotions of others is vital to effectively leading and coaching for success. An empathetic leader understands what is going on with the
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