April 1, 2012
Mary Beth Nipp
It is important for the school system to perform an assessment on all English Language Learners (ELLs) as they enter the education system. Every state has its own set of standards as well as assessment measures they use to evaluate ELLs. Without assessments of these students a teacher would struggle when working out lesson plans for the students. No Child Left Behind (NCLB) has set up national guidelines that must be followed for all students within the educational setting.
National guidelines must be followed for all students, thus states use standardized testing to evaluate all students within the school system. Often problems arise when students move here from other countries. Each state must measure the educational level of English Language Learners (ELLs) as they enter the school system. Once a student has been tested the school is able to place the child into a classroom that is appropriate for his/her level of comprehension.
The state of Virginia uses W-APT, which is a test system set up for specific grade level clusters. This test is set up to the student in a variety of educational areas. Testing starts with a speaking test, followed by tests of listening, reading, and writing skills (WIDA 2, 2011). This test is used for students who have come to the United States from another country where they speak a different language. ACCESS for ELLs (Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State-to-State for English Language Learners) is a test used to measure the proficiency in English language for students in levels from kindergarten through 12 (WIDA 1, 2011). Often a student has great comprehension in his/her first language, but struggles with the English language. The testing is used to determine the level the student should be at in the English language, not in his/her first language.
Testing is developed through the standards based system that is...