The Twelfth Amendment, ratified in 1804, changed the method of voting in the Electoral College by requiring the electors to cast separate ballots for President and Vice President. (Originally, the electors voted for two candidates for President, with the runner-up becoming Vice President.) But the point of the amendment was to make party competition compatible with the separation of powers by securing the President's independence from Congress. Without that change in the Constitution, the power of electing the President effectively would have devolved from the people (represented indirectly in the Electoral College) to the House of Representatives, where ties between presidential and vice presidential candidates would be decided (as in 1800), and where all sorts of electoral mischief was
“The electoral college should be replaced by a national popular vote.” Discuss (45) The Electoral College is an institution that was established by the founding Fathers to elect the President of the United States indirectly. The Electoral College is a system that should be abolished and replaced by direct election through a national popular vote. Supporters of the national popular vote make convincing arguments that it is the best system to decide the Presidential election in a society as vast as the United States. However, there are arguments that suggest the Electoral College should not be replaced by a national popular vote. When evaluating the arguments raised on both sides it I believe that the Electoral College should be replaced by a national popular vote.
William Howard Taft was nominated by the support of Republicans and the conservative wing. Since Theodore Roosevelt failed to receive the Republican nomination, TR and his supporters formed the Progressive Party, (nicknamed the "Bull Moose Party") so he was chosen as its candidate for President. Eugene V. Debs, knows as a American Union leader and founding member of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World, was a nominee of the Socialist Party. The fourth runner in this election was Woodrow Wilson, supporter of the Democratic Party. He was nominated on the ballot thanks to the support of William Jennings Bryan, a three-time Democratic presidential candidate.
Federalist was led by Alexander Hamilton, which believed that government should have more power. On the other hand, the anti-Federalist, also known as Jeffersonian insisted on a strict construction of the provisions of the Constitution. Later on, the Federalist have became the Republican Party, and the anti-Federalist represent the Democracy. However, at first, John Adams have defeated Jefferson by just three votes in the electoral college, but later year, Jefferson defeated the incumbent, and won control of both houses of Congress. The Federalist never returned to power.
The whole point of America becoming its own sovereign country was Britain’s overbearing control on the colonies. Many early Americans had concerns and feared a government in which, by design, could become too strong. Consequentially, the Democratic – Republican party (later known to historians simply as the Republican Party) was formed with ideas of smaller government and thusly, less control. A semblance of the rivalry between the parties in the United States could be seen in the French Revolution. The Republicans supported the popular forces in the French Revolt and wanted America to assist.
Marbury V. Madison • Arguably most important case in Supreme Court history • Written in 1803 by Chief Justice John Marshall • First U.S. Supreme Court case to apply the principle of "judicial review" the power of federal courts to void acts of Congress in conflict with the Constitution. • The decision played a key role in making the Supreme court a separate branch of government on par with Congress and the executive. • In the election of 1800 the newly organized Democratic-Republic Party of Thomas Jefferson defeated the Federalist party of John Adams creating an atmosphere of political panic for the Federalists • Adams appointed a large number of justices of peace for the District of Columbia whose commissions were approved by the Senate, signed by the President and affixed with the official seal of the government • The following commissions were not delivered and when President Jefferson assumed office in 1801 he order James Madison, his secretary of state not to deliver them. • William Marbury one of the appointees petitioned the Supreme Court for a writ of mandamus,or legal order, compelling Madison to show cause why he should not receive his commission. • To resolve the case, Chief Justice Marshall answered 3 questions.
In the election of 1796, Jefferson was the favorite of Democratic-Republican opponents of the Washington administration. He came in second to Federalist John Adams in electoral college votes and became Adams's vice president. In 1800, however, the political tide had turned against the Federalist Party of Adams and Hamilton. After a bitterly contested election, a tie vote in the electoral college, and a protracted deadlock in the House of Representatives, Jefferson finally emerged as the winner—thanks, in part, to the three-fifths clause of the Constitution, which gave states with large slave populations additional votes. In his inaugural address, Jefferson pled for national unity in an attempt to heal the wounds of a vicious campaign and to gain support from the Federalist-controlled Congress.
Clinton's testicle lockbox is big enough for the entire Democrat hierarchy, not just some people in the media." , and then there was Chris Matthews and he said , “The reason she's a U.S. senator, the reason she's a candidate for president, the reason she may be a front-runner is her husband messed around." . Although these are clearly Republican pundits, these remarks made people start thinking more of her as a woman rather that a qualified person for President. My Grandfather, a die hard Democratic, believes that Bill Clinton was the best president we have ever had, but he thought maybe Mr. Clinton came out a little arrogant.
Each branch “checks” the power of the other branches to make sure that the power is balanced between them. When a president vetos a bill it is considered apart of checks and balances historically Andrew Jackson vetoed around twenty bills, he was the first to do this. e.) The idea of The Electoral College. In the early days of America they had a debate on how the president should be elected. One idea was to have him selected by the congress, this idea was thrown out because people thought that it would be used to serve the congresses purpose.
When a presidential election occurs it is the Electoral College’s votes that truly pick the next president. Although the representative does have the same views as the popular opinion of the state representatives can vote how they choose. Hence, Bush was reelected. Source: howstuffworks.com 6. Civil Liberties: Basic rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights and the constitution.