Elderly Nutrition Essay

1093 WordsJan 30, 20125 Pages
Approximately 30% of people admitted to the hospital and care homes are at nutritional risk with more than 10% of over 65s suffering from nutritional problems (Kozier 2009). Age UK (2011) cited that: “One third of all older people admitted to hospital and care homes are at risk of malnutrition (32% of 65+). For care homes alone, the figure at risk of malnutrition in 2008 was 37%; the risk was found to be 37% greater in patients aged 65 years and over than those under 65 years (39% for 65+ compared to 28% for those aged under 65. In a very basic way, we all need enough food to sustain ourselves. Insufficient food will lead to malnutrition, deficiency diseases and an increase in susceptibility to infection (Walsh et al). Ensuring that the nutritional needs of the elderly are met is one of the many roles of the nurse. It may seem as simple a task but when not performed properly it may lead to serious health problems. Gilling, C., et al (2008) also stated that “Poor nutritional status is known to be associated with delayed recovery, longer stay in hospital and higher mortality rate”. I chose this topic as my learning need, planning to gain knowledge and better understanding of the nutritional needs of the older adults and to be able to manage and recognise the nutritional needs of the service users. DESCRIPTION: Kozier (2009) cited that “According to the Department of Health (DoH, 1991) nutritional requirements is influenced by a number of factors including growth. However, as there are so many other factors that can affect nutritional needs in an individual it is impossible to identify the specific needs of each age group”. In the UK the estimated average requirement (EAR) of energy for older adult has been set at a lower lever than younger adults due to the decrease in the energy requirement with advancing age which is according to the British Nutrition

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