The Pharaoh as Horus in life became the Pharaoh as Osiris in death, where he was united with the rest of the gods. New incarnations of Horus succeeded the deceased pharaoh on earth in the form of new Pharaohs. The lineage of Horus, the eventual product of unions between the children of Atum, may have been a means to explain and justify Pharaonic power; The gods produced by Atum were all representative of cosmic and terrestrial forces in Egyptian life; by identifying Horus as the offspring of these forces, then identifying him with Atum himself, and finally identifying the Pharaoh with Horus, the Pharaoh theologically had dominion over all the world. The notion of Horus as the Pharaoh seems to have been superseded by the concept of the Pharaoh as the son of Ra during the Fifth Dynasty of Egypt.
It contains many sectors of relationships between God’s initial creation, God and humanity, and humanity vs. themselves. Many scholars, like the ones in the Journal of Biblical Literature (Vol. 126 No. 2), believe that the Genesis is divided into two theoretic sections. The primeval history, which contains the first eleven chapters, that involves the story of general creation and revelation of God, and the patriarchal history that mainly includes the three important patriarchs which consists of chapters twelve to fifty.
Akhenaten 17. Narmer 14. The Egyptian convention of depicting shoulders and torso in a frontal manner and hips, legs, and feet in profile was used when depicting: 1. slaves 2. priests 3. royalty 4. commoners 15. Which of the following is a flat-topped, one story structure with slanted walls above a buria chamber? 1. pyramid 2. mastaba 3. ziggurat 4. necropolis 16. Who designed the funerary complex and stepped pyramid of Djoser?
In ancient Egypt the pharaohs were seen as a kind of demi-god. This status as demi god is because the pharaoh was seen as being born from the queen and being fathered by the sun god Ra, making the pharaoh part god. This divinity makes it easier to understand why the ancient Egyptians would go to such
[YOUR LAST NAME] 1 [YOUR NAME] [PROFESSOR’S NAME] [COURSE NAME] [DATE] Classical Sculpture Classical sculpture did not appear from nothing; its genesis was not that of Athena’s birth from the head of Zeus, but a rather more sedate process. The roots of classical sculpture are, surprisingly, to be found in Egypt. The Egyptians had highly developed sculpture, most of which had religious implications, as can be seen by the hieroglyphic inscriptions on many of the pieces (Wilkinson, 34-37). Subjects of sculptures included the numerous gods and goddesses of the Egyptian pantheon, pharoahs (who were considered divine) and slaves and other figures created for inclusion in burials; these sculptures, along with real items (e.g., chariots) would become part of the deceased’s “estate” in the afterlife (ibid., 64). The majority of Egyptian sculptures were all in the same style, regardless of whether they represented an animal-headed god, a king, or a scribe.
The Archaic or Early Dynastic Period of Egypt immediately follows the unification of Lower and Upper Egypt c. 3100 BC. It is generally taken to include the First and Second Dynasties, lasting from the Protodynastic Period of Egypt until about 2686 BC, or the beginning of the Old Kingdom.  With the First Dynasty, the capital moved from Abydos to Memphis with a unified Egypt ruled by an Egyptian god-king. Abydos remained the major holy land in the south. The hallmarks of ancient Egyptian civilization, such as art, architecture and many aspects of religion, took shape during the Early Dynastic period.
These religious traditions, practices and rituals, were also influenced by other cultures beliefs, such as, the Roman influence in the Ptolemy period. ‘A remarkable feature of the Egyptian funerary religion is its complexity, which developed as new beliefs were incorporated without old ones being discarded’ (Spencer, 1982). Ancient Egyptian beliefs in afterlife changed dramatically from the Old kingdom to the New Kingdom. Although fundamental aspects did remain the same, they associated their life cycle, with their observation of nature, with the solar cycle where the Sun God Re (sun) daily passage across the sky dying at night and being reborn each morning. This continuous cycle was incorporated into their funerary beliefs that death was an extension of life and in the natural cycle afterlife was
By the time of the early dynastic period of Egyptian history, those with sufficient means were buried in bench-like structures known as mastabas.  The second historically documented Egyptian pyramid is attributed to the architect Imhotep, who planned what Egyptologists believe to be a tomb for the pharaoh Djoser. Imhotep is credited with being the first to conceive the notion of stacking mastabas on top of each other – creating an edifice composed of a number of "steps" that decreased in size towards its apex. The result was the Step Pyramid of Djoser – which was designed to serve as a gigantic stairway by which the soul of the deceased pharaoh could ascend to the heavens. Such was the importance of Imhotep's achievement that he was deified by later Egyptians.
Genesis: The Creation Story The Creation story in the book of Genesis explains the beginning of the universe, earth, life, and humanity. The story helps to set up what would make up the rest of the Old and New Testament. There are many creation stories that are told, some that are very much different than that told in the book of Genesis, such as Hinduism, and Jainism. There are also some stories that are similar to the Book of Genesis, such as: Islam and Sikhism. The Book of Genesis opens with the Creation story, in which God creates the Universe and Earth in a span of seven days.
Some Egyptian Gods merged with foreign Gods too. And despite the hundreds of different deities and rituals, somehow everyone got along! Egyptologists have organized the ancient Egyptian religion into two categories: State and Local/Household. The local or household deities were worshipped in the home. Depending on locale, family, needs and preferences; the average Egyptian would choose the most suitable deities and build a household shrine for them.