Egyptian Creation Mythology Essay

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Egyptian Creation Mythology Myths have emerged from around the world to explain certain phenomena of nature, various traditions & rituals and tales of epic journeys, which pass on, idealised in each telling. Creation myth is found in all cultures and tries to define the origin of the universe, usually based on each peoples understanding and beliefs. The biblical story of creation is well known, the story of one God creating Earth and human life, but one of the less understood creation stories is from the Egyptian Civilisation. Egyptian cosmogonies were distinctly unique and directed more towards explaining the order of the world, also known as Maat, rather than the actual creation of mankind. It focused on more important factors like sun rising each day and annual Nile flooding. It was believed that Egyptian life would continue its orderly progression irrespective of whether humans lived or died. Egyptian kings and queens were regarded as incarnations of the gods and provided order with the help from symbolic rites and rituals. Differing Egyptian cosmogonies can be found where each world was created in diverse means according to their understanding and beliefs of the universe. A similarity of these stories was the world beginning from chaotic, lifeless water, described as Nu or Nun , when for the ‘first occasion’ the sun rose from a mound in a period sometimes called ‘Zep Tepi’. This ‘first occasion’ is referred to as the appearance of sun-god Ra or the god of the newly-risen sun, Khepri. Other versions of the sun rising include it having emerged from a lotus flower that grew from the mound, in the form of a heron, falcon, scarab beetle, or human child. The three main Egyptian cosmogonies were named of locations they were centred: 1. Hermopolis - Hermopolis Magna, located at ancient site of Khmun, central Egypt. Eight Gods known as the Ogdoad of

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