The Chinese government viewed trade as a monopoly controlled through its agents, in this case the co-hong. Up until the 1800's, this was not such a problem, since most Europeans traded quite the same by using the government. The Chinese traditionally saw themselves as the Middle Kingdom and all other peoples as inferior barbarians. Any goods brought as gifts to the Chinese court were interpreted as tribute that did not acknowledge and stuffed them away in large buildings. In contrast the British had a strong democratic tradition that refused to recognize another nation's superiority.
Paige Lowe October 6, 2014 Classical Athens and Han China: How Great Were the Differences Two major civilizations, Classical Athens in the West and Han China in the East, had many differences but how great were they? Classical Athens and Han China were different due to their forms of government, the relationship between the individual and the state, their views on man and nature and their background information. Within the background information of both Athens and Han China there are very evident differences between the two. The first document shows the maps of both the empires side by side. The Han Empire is much bigger than the Athens city-state Attica which is a mere 50 miles long, while the Han Empire stretches over 2400 miles long.
Upper-class women who were well educated sometimes became conspicuous public figures due to personal wealth and helped build the once powerful economy. As women could not gain political statue they often became involved in religion, becoming priestesses. The women of lower status would be legally allowed to earn profits or many women helped build the prostitution industry. Pompeian woman of all classes were commonly involved in political life. Being denied political statue and ability to vote women could still take part in political affairs in other ways.
Rome and Han China Rome and Han China were separated by thousands of miles which made them develop independently of each other, but they both managed to flourish at the same time. These Empires have impacted the world around them with their differences in technological developments, other differences they had can be seen through individual economic status and government ideas. A specific example could be the idea of choosing emperors in Rome based on republic ideas versus China which had emperors based on the Mandate of Heaven. While these empires had differences, they also had similarities some examples being agriculture as a main source of income, militaristic views, new religion developments, and patriarchal family structures. Having aggressive neighbors although being so far apart was one similarity in Han and Rome because in order to protect themselves from them they needed a strong military and also needed to build protecting walls.
Explain why the economies differ 4. Conclusion Michael Grunglasse 9/12/11 Period 6 Essay - Early China VS. Nubia When comparing Early China(2000-221 BCE) with Nubia(3100-350 BCE) there are many similarities and differences. Nubia and Early China had similar monarchial governments, and women in both civilizations were treated with respect and had a relatively high status in government and society. This is mainly because of Confucianism and Nubia's adoption of appointing their daughters as “God’s Wife of Amon”. Early China and Nubia differ in the fact that they are located in very different geographical locations and had several different beliefs; this is due to the fact that Early China believed in Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism whilst Nubia adopted the gods of Egypt and
Between the 1960s and 70s, many laws were passed which allowed women to have greater freedom and more choice than they may have done in previous decades. Since the war and during the 1950s, women were treated as inferior to their husbands and were made out to be second class citizens. Their role in society was to get married, have children and stay at home and do cooking and cleaning. However, many women did not want to lead this life as they wanted more than to just be a housewife. This led to many protests and campaigns by women to allow them more rights.
The years between 1792 and 1850 were a crucial period for both the British and Chinese empires; Britain expanded to become the greatest maritime empire while China, which had been the greatest land mass empire, became a shadow of its former self as the two fought for supremacy and control of trade. As Britain was a relatively small nation, its empire was by necessity outward looking. Characterised by a series of informal settlement colonies, economic policy was the key to expansion and it focussed on trade relationships between the metropole and peripheries; these were supported by a strong bureaucracy and powerful naval fleet. Cultural ideology had a role to play, but it could be argued that it was never as important. On the other hand, the autarkic Chinese empire was formal, insular, economically self-sufficient and relied heavily on both bureaucracy and an ethnocentric ideology to sustain itself.
Both empires charged taxes to their people with the exception of slaves. Rome had a lot more slaves then Han China, however the slaves led to an economical downfall in both ancient Rome and Han China. The political structures of both were based on very well organized bureaucratic systems with strong monarchy sets of succession. Both empires emerged from small beginnings, but with plenty discipline and military toughness. Han China was built on earlier imperial traditions started by the Qin and Zhou.
Sometimes these cities were even under monarchy that helped the economy greatly with vendors selling rare gems and gold outside of their castle gates. Those with greater power would pave the way of how the civilians would live in what their beliefs and rules they'd follow in the city to keep everything intact. China's kinship system has the father of the head of the family whereas the females would tend their house while the men were either working or fighting for their country. The women's rights in China is very similar to Timbuktu where women must conceal their faces unless if they happen to be a maidservant or sell food on the markets. Judges, priests and other learned men were maintained at the king's costs and charges.
Bang divided the empire into administrative districts that were each governed by officials. He could not rule the Han dynasty by himself, due to how large it was. In the Han dynasty, there was a clear distinction to what class you belonged to. People were either really rich or really poor. The middle class was small during the Qin dynasty, but during the Han dynasty it grew.