Egalitarianism Essay

1933 Words8 Pages
Task II: Extended written response The concept of egalitarianism refers to the desire for political, economic and social equality within society. This concept ascended during the white settlement period where early Australian’s and the media endorsed Australia’s pastime experiences and harsh conditions. This formed a sense of mateship and lived on through the Australian peoples aspiration to define itself as a country. It evolved to the ideology that Australians have a lax culture and believes in individual determination free of racial, political, religious or socio-economic discrimination (Barr, 2000). The notion ascended further in the first half of the twentieth century through government policies such as wage arbitration; white Australia; industry protection; state paternalism; and imperial benevolence as distilled by Paul Kelly. It underpinned the ‘Australian Settlement’ and gave rise to concept of egalitarianism. These policies further influenced the notion of a right for a ‘fair go’ with respect to distribution of income including tariff protection, centralised wage fixing and restraints on competition. These government policies contributed to Australia’s economic growth but in turn, created inflexibilities. Consequently, Australian industries faced emerging international challenges that they were unable to respond to. As a result, government policies adjusted but the notion of a ‘fair go’ still carried on as Australia still romanticised about the traditional ideology of a classless society. Although, Australia is still somewhat an egalitarian society when compared on an international scale, the extent of its egalitarianism has declined. Since the ‘Australian settlement’, implementation of new government policies, media, cultural changes and globalisation has affected contemporary Australia’s notion of egalitarianism significantly. The origins of
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