Effects of Population Density and Noise

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The Effects of Population Density and Noise Paper PSY/460 Professor Natasha Barnes March 24, 2014 The Effects of Population Density and Noise Paper How much noise is too much noise? My friend despises the quietness, but his spouse, being the youngest of twelve enjoys the radio and television on at the same time. In this paper, the research will encounter describing the concepts of territoriality, privacy, and personal space; examine how the concepts of territoriality, privacy, and personal space have become increasingly important as population becomes denser; clarify the effect, nature has on individuals living in urban environments; describe the concept of noise and examine the effect that it has on individuals, and examine at least two strategies that can be used to reduce noise in the workplace or in the living environment . Concepts of territory, privacy and personal space Crowding is a psychological state that occurs when the need for space exceed the available supply. The same density level may be experienced as more or less crowded because of individual differences (e.g. culture, personality, gender, age) or situational factors (e.g. temporal duration, activity, private versus public space; Stokols, 1972). Because available space is reduced, crowding makes it difficult to regulate social interaction, limits behavioral options and leads to invasions of personal space. Laboratory studies show that crowding elevates physiological stress: the longer people experience crowding, the greater the elevations. When people feel crowded they also experience psychological stress: they show negative effect, tension, anxiety and nonverbal signs of nervousness such as fidgeting or playing with objects repetitively. We had an entertainment deck installed in our back yard. The purpose was to entertain guests outside during the warmer days; however a
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