Effects of Parental Divorce on Children

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In contemporary society, divorce is quite a common practice. The average number of divorces per thousand inhabitants in 2007 was 2,0 in the European Union (OECD, 2008; cited in Spruijt & Kormos, 2010) and for instance in Norway, almost one out of two marriages ends in divorce (Statistics Norway, 2002; cited in Storksen, Roysamb, Holmen & Tambs, 2006). Children of these couples are often affected by divorces or parental separations. A lot of research has been conducted in order to investigate the possible effects on children associated with parental separation. The aim of this essay, and thus its thesis question, is to compare and contrast three academic sources that discuss the effects of divorce on children. To do so, it will look at two studies on long-term effects on children due to parental divorce. In addition, two chapters from the book the ‘Handboek scheiden en de kinderen’ (Spruijt & Kormos, 2010) are used. This book provides an overview of academic literature regarding divorce and (its effects on) children. Firstly, this essay will introduce the three used sources. To ensure that both sources and in particular their topics are understood, a brief summary will be provided in which their research questions will be appointed. In an attempt to make a comparison between the sources, their main differences and similarities will be investigated. The last part of the essay will entail an overview of the discussed material. Introducing the sources The article “Long-Term Effects of Divorce and Remarriage on the Adjustment of Children” (Hetherington, Cox & Cox, 1985) discusses a longitudinal study which investigates the effects of divorce on children at four different moments: two months, one year, two years and six years after the moment of divorce. The research question of this article is six fold, since six different research topics are addressed: the
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