Effects Of Foster Care

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Sarah Richards Mr. McKnight English 101 Period 1 10 February 2012 Effects of Foster Care Kids who spend their whole life living in foster homes are put there because their parents won’t sign their right as a parent off. The time that the kid has been taken from his or her parent or guardian should be limited to at least two years. “The child welfare system aims to protect children thought to be abused or neglected by their parents or guardians. Over two million children are investigated for child abuse and neglect every year in the United States alone, and roughly half are found to have been abused (“Breaking”).” Approximately 10 percent of these abused children will be placed in protective custody known as foster care. Foster care is meant to be a temporary arrangement, though children stay in care for an average of two years, and there are currently over five hundred thousand children in care. “Roughly sixty percent of foster children return home; fifteen percent are adopted; and the remainder “age out” of foster care(“Breaking”).” Three-quarters of these children live with substitute families, one-third of which are headed by relatives of the children. Further, foster care policy directly targets children who appear to be at high risk of poor life outcomes. Abused children are three times more likely to die in childhood, with fourteen hundred child deaths each year directly attributed to child abuse. One doctor notes, “Those placed in foster care are far more likely than are other children to commit crimes, drop out of school, join welfare, experience substance abuse problems, or enter the homeless population(“National”).” In particular, nearly 20 percent of young prison inmates and 28 percent of homeless individuals spent some time in foster care as a youth. Of the children who will turn 18 in foster care two-thirds of the boys and half of the girls
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