Effects of Drugs and Chemicals on the Brain and Body

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Effects of Drugs and Chemicals on the Brain and Body Ashley Schreij General Psychology 1030 – F01 Bob Zimmerman March 17, 2013 Effects of Drugs and Chemicals on the Brain and Body Drug abuse is something many people are familiar with. Different drugs affect each person and their mind and body differently. All drugs affect the mind and body differently but they all chemically alter the brain, some to an extent to where it has become an addiction. There are many drugs out there that are addicting and hazardous, but I am going to address some of the more known ones: 1. Alcohol 2. Hallucinogens 3. Opiates 4. Barbiturates 5. Inhalants I will focus on these five subjects throughout. Alcohol Alcohol affects the brain and body by slowing down the heart rate, breathing, and response time an individual has. It can enter the blood stream at different rates depending on if the person has eaten or not eaten, and it can also depend on the person themselves. “Alcohol is a drug, and when a person consumes alcohol, it has an effect on many body systems. The effects begin to occur as soon as the alcohol enters the blood stream” (Project Know, 2013). If a person continues to consume alcohol more than they can handle they will begin to feel confused and drowsy during that time, and if they do this on a regular basis they will eventually crave more which, then, leads to addiction. If a person consumes too much alcohol they can become sick and that can cause alcohol poisoning, and a person can be put in the hospital; it can also be fatal. “Because large amounts of alcohol can be poisonous to the body, a person who consumes large amounts of alcohol will often become very sick. The urge to vomit will continue, and the individual may even break out in a fever or rash. The person's headache is likely to intensify, and the individual's body will remain sore until

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