Effects Of Difference In Academic Year On Smoking

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Effects of Difference in Academic Year on Smoking in College Abstract Effect of difference in age on smoking in college was examined. There were 166 participants (73 male, 90 female, and 2 transgender; age range: 17 to 50) and they were limited to acquaintances, by each of 21 students in Methods of Psychology lab section of University of Massachusetts Amherst. Surveys on opinions about smoking behaviors and banning smoking on campus (22 opinion-based questions: in likert scale: max score=anti-smoking, for law and min score=smoker, against law; there were 8 demographic questions included in survey) were given to all participants. After the surveys were collected, 7 questions that lacked reliability were eliminated. The results for mean of sum for all academic year were surprising. In contrast to initial hypothesis: freshman in college will be relatively frequent smoker and against the smoking ban on campus, juniors were relatively frequent smoker. Effects of Difference in Academic Year on Smoking in College Smoking cigarette has been serious leading preventable cause of disability, disease and death in the United States. According to the data from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2008, smoking causes about 483,000 deaths each year, with approximately 38,000 deaths a year attributed to second-hand smoke. It was also shown that smoking prevalence peaks in early adulthood including college students, with well over one-third of those aged 18-25 years reporting smoking in the past month. (Stewart, 2008) There are many factors that cause college students to smoke, but it was shown that stress (unpleasant mood) is one of the biggest factors that lead college students’ smoking. According to the research by University of Rhode Island, 28 percent of college smokers began to smoke regularly at or after age 19, at which point most were already in college;

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