Effects Of Depression Essay

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Ruth Desir American History II: Lorizio Position Paper 3 3/26/11 Effects of the Depression By the spring of 1932, conditions in the United States reached an intolerable impasse or as I would like to call it, a Catch-22. They were in a lose-lose situation, or at least that’s how it seemed. By the end of the year, nothing changed and the situation only seemed to be getting worse. Historians agree that American capitalism had failed in 1932. Thousands of people were roaming the countryside and the streets in search of food. As if things weren’t already bad, food prices were so low that farmers in Iowa and Nebraska burned their corn for fuel while millions of people had nothing to eat. In an attempt to reduce the labor force and create jobs for the whites that remained. According to an estimate, a half million Mexicans left the United States for Mexico from 1931-1933. Surprisingly though, in all this year of material, social, and moral prostration, there was never any threat of revolution, or even any important rise of radicalism in American politics. However, by the end of the decade a small minority of Americans had moved in a more radical direction. They either joined the Communist Party or became what was called a “fellow traveler”. The radicals were disproportionately located in certain sectors, such as among artist and intellectuals or among those active in labor movement. In the beginning of 1935, the American Communist Party shifted its strategy away from the goal of communist revolution and ceased to work independently from other organizations. Instead, they worked through the labor unions with a focus on increasing wages and improving working conditions. The efforts of the Communists and the labor unions paid off in 1938 when the Supreme Court upheld the right to bargain collectively (NLRB
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