Effectiveness Of School Counselors Essay

2534 WordsApr 30, 201211 Pages
Running head: ROLE OF SCHOOL COUNSELORS 1 Role of School Counselors and School-Based Counseling Programs For Children of Divorce A Review of Literature Tara Crozier Caldwell College CPS500: Introduction to School Counseling Sean Struncis ROLE OF SCHOOL COUNSELORS 2 Role of School Counselors and School-Based Counseling Programs For Children of Divorce A Review of Literature Children of divorce comprise a significant portion of the school population in the United States. More than one million children experience parental divorce each year in the United States (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000). It has also been indicated that by the age of eighteen, approximately 40-50% of children will experience a parental divorce. Since divorce affects such a significant number of children, a surge in literature and research-based studies have emerged addressing its impact on them emotionally, behaviorally, and academically (Amato, 2001; Amato & Keith, 1991; Hipke, Wolchik, Sandler, & Braver, 2002) Many of these research-based studies and much of the resulting literature reinforces that children involved in divorce situations are at an increased risk for the development of psychological, behavioral, social, and academic problems (Amato, 2000; Amato & Keith, 1991; Kelly, 2000; Simons & Associates, 1996). Amato and Keith (1991) and Amato (2001) published articles outlining studies comparing the well-being of children of divorce with that of children with parents who were still married to one another. Results from both of these studies indicated that children from divorced parents scored significantly lower on a variety of factors, such as academic achievement, conduct, psychological adjustment, and well-being.

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