Diabetes is now one of the most common diseases among Americans today because of our sedentary life styles and our continuation of poor eating habits. Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action or both. Diabetes can be associated with serious complications and premature death, but people with diabetes can take steps to control the disease and lower the risk of complications (CDC Diabetes, 2004).
There are many types of diabetes, such as Type I diabetes. Type I diabetes, more commonly known as juvenile-onset diabetes, develops when the body’s immune system tears down pancreatic beta cells. These pancreatic beat cells are the only cells that make the hormone insulin and aid in regulating blood glucose.
There is also gestational diabetes, which is a type of glucose intolerance that usually occurs in women during pregnancy. Other specific types of diabetes result from identifiable genetic conditions such as surgery, malnutrition, infections, and other illnesses.
For the purpose of this paper, the focal point will be Type II diabetes. Type II diabetes is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes, or adult onset diabetes. Type II usually starts when the cells in the body do not use insulin accurately. The need for insulin rises and the pancreas loses it capability to produce insulin.
There are many societal and health problem that arise from adult-onset diabetes. Some problems that are associated with diabetes include depression and gastroparesis. There are also skin complications; this is usually the first sign signifies that a person has diabetes. If caught early, most conditions can be prevented. Due to lack of circulation and neural damage to the feet, foot impediments are also found in diabetes recipients. Eye complications and kidney disease are also prevalent. One of the most common complications is diabetic...