Education Rights Essay

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This background paper prepared jointly by PILDAT and UNESCO highlights the guidelines that must be adopted by federal and provincial government to enforce Article 25-A of constitution of Pakistan.Article 25-A guarantees the right to free and compulsory education for the children of aged 5 to 16 years.But sadly,literacy rate of Pakistan is yet drastically below world's average. Education is the fundamental right of every person.The development and success of a nation depends on education of its citizens and trained human resources for the economy.Literacy is a strong tool for eradicating poverty, empowering personality, controlling population growth and ensuring social and economic development. Pakistan's low literacy rate and increased population growth results in rising number of out of school children.The number of illiterates in Pakistan is alarming.In rural areas, substantial population of girls is not enrolled in schools.The low quality of education and high illiteracy rate are hindering the developmental processes,economic uplift and political stability of Pakistan.Pakistan has been ranked lowest of below 125th position in HDI (Human Development Index) for last 20 years. Considering the advantages, the promulgation of education is now a global concern. The international conventions are committed to provide free and compulsory education to the children in difficult circumstances.Laws and acts are being passed with respect to this subject.The right to education was universally recognized since Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Convention on the Right of the Child (CRC) adopted by General Assembly on 20 November, 1989 recognized the rights of education. In April, 2000, 164 Governments including Government of Pakistan gathered in Dakar to pledge to achieve the EFA (Education for All) and identified 6 goals by 2015. Pakistan has also committed

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