Education. Essay

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Carl Rogers (1902 - 1987) Experiential Learning Biography Carl Rogers was born January 8, 1902 in Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. He learned to read before age 5. His upbringing was strict and he and his five siblings had many chores. He entered the University of Wisconsin, and as a student of Christian ministry, he was selected to go to Beijing for the “World Student Christian Federation Conference” for six months. This experience changed his thinking such that he began to doubt some of his religious beliefs. He instead entered the clinical psychology program of Columbia University, and received his Ph.D. in 1931. For a few years he did clinical work at the Rochester Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. At this clinic, he learned about Otto Rank’s theory and therapy techniques, which inspired him in developing his own approach. In 1940 he joined the faculty of Ohio State University as a full professor. In 1942, he published his first book, Counseling and Psychotherapy. In 1945, he relocated to the University of Chicago to set up a counseling center. In 1951 he published his major work, Client-Centered Therapy, wherein he outlines his basic theory. In 1957, he returned to teach at his alma mater, the University of Wisconsin. Unfortunately, it was a time of conflict within their psychology department, and Rogers became very disillusioned with higher education. In 1964, he was happy to accept a research position in La Jolla, California. He provided therapy, speeches, and wrote, until his death in 1987. Theory Rogers was discouraged by the emphasis on cognitivism in education. He believed this was responsible for the loss of excitement and enthusiasm for learning. Rogers' point of view emphasized the inclusion of feelings and emotions in education. He believed that education and therapy shared similar goals of

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